Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Morten: Welcome to SwedishPod101.com, Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 17 - Making Swedish Small Talk Over Coffee. Hej och välkomna. This is Morten.
Jasmine: Hej, allihopa. I'm Jasmine.
Morten: In this lesson, we will be stopping on some small talk over a fika or a Swedish coffee break.
Jasmine: We're at a café in Haga, a very picturesque district of Gothenburg near the university.
Morten: James is there with Nils and it's mid afternoon.
Jasmine: They're just passing time so the conversation is very informal. Let's listen to the dialogue.

Lesson conversation

Nils: Hej James, hur står det till?
James: Bara bra, tack. Och själv då?
Nils: Under kontroll. Du, du måste prova det här kaffet med valnötsmak, jättegod!
James: Okej, det ska jag. Men jag är lite hungrig också.
Nils: Ta en av frallorna här. Dem kan jag rekommendera.
James: Visst är det skönt med lite svensk fika.
Nils: Absolut. Jag är här varje onsdag. Kom med lite oftare.
James: Gärna. Då kommer jag nästa vecka redan.
Morten: And now let's listen to the slow version.
Jasmine: Och nu ska vi lyssna på den sakta versionen.
Nils: Hej James, hur står det till?
James: Bara bra, tack. Och själv då?
Nils: Under kontroll. Du, du måste prova det här kaffet med valnötsmak, jättegod!
James: Okej, det ska jag. Men jag är lite hungrig också.
Nils: Ta en av frallorna här. Dem kan jag rekommendera.
James: Visst är det skönt med lite svensk fika.
Nils: Absolut. Jag är här varje onsdag. Kom med lite oftare.
James: Gärna. Då kommer jag nästa vecka redan.
Morten: And now with the English translation.
Jasmine: Och nu med den engelska översättningen.
Nils: Hej James, hur står det till?
Morten: Hi, James. How are you?
James: Bara bra, tack. Och själv då?
Morten: Just fine, thanks. And how about you?
Nils: Under kontroll. Du, du måste prova det här kaffet med valnötsmak, jättegod!
Morten: Fine. James, you have to try this walnut-flavored coffee—very tasty!
James: Okej, det ska jag. Men jag är lite hungrig också.
Morten: OK, will do. But I'm also a little hungry.
Nils: Ta en av frallorna här. Dem kan jag rekommendera.
Morten: Take one of these rolls here. I can recommend those.
James: Visst är det skönt med lite svensk fika.
Morten: Sure, a Swedish coffee break is a fine thing.
Nils: Absolut. Jag är här varje onsdag. Kom med lite oftare.
Morten: Absolutely. I'm here every Wednesday. Join me more often.
James: Gärna. Då kommer jag nästa vecka redan.
Morten: I'd be pleased to. Then I'll come as early as next week.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Morten: So our main characters are celebrating the Swedish coffee break.
Jasmine: Fika, yes. It came out briefly in lesson 12.
Morten: So what is so special about fika?
Jasmine: Well, it's a national institution. Everybody indulge in it, students, people at work.
Morten: Or people just hanging out in town I hear. And what else do our listeners need to know?
Jasmine: People usually have coffee and something sweet to eat, so called kaffebröd.
Morten: This literally means coffee bread and it is often baked with cinnamon, right?
Jasmine: Yeah. And that a fika at a café, you usually get påtår, that means one refill.
Morten: So it's a bit like America, but normally it's only one refill in Sweden, correct?
Jasmine: Yes, but that's not such a harsh restriction. Fika is a way of life for many Swedes.
Morten: To stop whatever hectic thing everything is doing and enjoy a nice moment of relaxation. I get it.
Jasmine: And it's not just work we need to have a break from. Our climate can be pretty harsh too.
Morten: All the more reason to enjoy a warm cup with friends.
Jasmine: To have a fika is as Swedish as an experience gets. So do join in.
VOCAB LIST
Morten: And now, let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. First we have.
Jasmine: Prova [natural native speed]
Morten: To try.
Jasmine: Prova [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Prova [natural native speed]
Morten: Next, we have.
Jasmine: Smak [natural native speed]
Morten: Taste.
Jasmine: Smak [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Smak [natural native speed]
Morten: Next, we have.
Jasmine: God [natural native speed]
Morten: Tasty.
Jasmine: God [slowly - broken down by syllable]. God [natural native speed]
Morten: And next, we have.
Jasmine: Hungrig [natural native speed]
Morten: Hungry.
Jasmine: Hungrig [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Hungrig [natural native speed]
Morten: Next, we have.
Jasmine: Fralla [natural native speed]
Morten: Bread roll.
Jasmine: Fralla [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Fralla [natural native speed]
Morten: Next, we have.
Jasmine: Rekommendera [natural native speed]
Morten: To recommend.
Jasmine: Rekommendera [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Rekommendera [natural native speed]
Morten: Next, we have.
Jasmine: Skön [natural native speed]
Morten: Pleasant.
Jasmine: Skön [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Skön [natural native speed]
Morten: And finally, we have.
Jasmine: Ofta [natural native speed]
Morten: Often.
Jasmine: Ofta [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Ofta [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Morten: Let's now take a closer look at the words and phrases for this lesson. The first one is very casual, almost street.
Jasmine: Something you could say if someone was using Läget.
Morten: That was something along the line of all right, wasn't it?
Jasmine: That's right. So if someone says Läget and you respond with Under kontroll.
Morten: Well, English speakers can pretty well guess what that means. Jasmine Läget?
Jasmine: Under kontroll?
Morten: And how about you dear listeners Läget?
Jasmine: That's right, under kontroll.
Morten: Let's keep this positive energy going and get to our next word, god, that means tasty, right?
Jasmine: It does. In standard Swedish it refers exclusively to food or drinks.
Morten: So what do you call other things are god.
Jasmine: We use the word bra. We've covered that before and heard it several times.
Morten: So I ask you how the food of that Indian restaurant was last night, and you say?
Jasmine: God, tack.
Morten: Dear listeners, how was that food you just had?
Jasmine: God, that's it.
Morten: And there's another word that deserves our attention.
Jasmine: Yes, the word Skön. It is used to describe a pleasant atmosphere mostly.
Morten: But it could also mean beautiful, correct?
Jasmine: It could. But for people, there are other words to use.
Morten: Got it. Finally, we have a very useful little phrase.
Jasmine: If someone gives you advice and you intend to act on it…
Morten: …or just think it would be a good idea, you can say…
Jasmine: Det ska jag, I shall or will do.
Morten: However, the word do does not appear in the Swedish, does it?
Jasmine: Not in this phrase, but you could easily weave it in.
Morten: So I can tell you have a good day, Ha en trevlig dag, And you respond with?
Jasmine: Det ska jag.
Morten: And now dear listener, we say to you, Ha en trevlig dag.
Jasmine: Det ska jag.
Morten: Okay. Thanks for making it this far.
Jasmine: Excellent work, everybody.

Lesson focus

Morten: And now let's take a look at the grammar for this lesson. In the lesson focus, we are looking at imperative forms of verbs.
Jasmine: And for this, we need to remind ourselves with the different verb groups again.
Morten: Okay. We'll start with the irregular ones. So far we've looked at Vara to be, and Ha, to have.
Jasmine: In the present tense, those are är and har. But what are their imperative forms?
Morten: Well before we tackle that issue, let's briefly look at what an imperative form actually is.
Jasmine: Yes, that's a good point. Imperatives are commands. They're used a lot in families.
Morten: When you tell your loved ones, dinner is ready and call them to the table.
Jasmine: And of course at work places, imperatives come in handy, when you need to communicate over a distance.
Morten: Your boss will use them a lot and you yourself may tell the people you lead what to do using imperatives.
Jasmine: That's right. Now back to the imperatives vara and ha.
Morten: In English the imperative form is identical to the infinitive form without the word to in front. In Swedish though, it's a little more complex.
Jasmine: The imperative of Vara is var.
Morten: As in the Swedish for, here you are, Varsågod.
Jasmine: Yes. Please listen and repeat, Varsågod.
Morten: Good work. And the imperative for ha is identical to the infinitive.
Jasmine: So that's easy. But what about other verbs?
Morten: Well apart from the irregulars, we saw some verbs that make their present tense by adding R to the infinitive.
Jasmine: Yes, like Tala, rekommendera and bo.
Morten: These are also identical in the imperative with the infinitive, but let's hear an example.
Jasmine: Tala inte så fort
Morten: Don't speak so fast. Let's hear that once again and repeat it.
Jasmine: Tala inte så fort
Morten: Very good. And then Rekommendera.
Jasmine: Rekommendera ett bra ställe, tack, please recommend a good place.
Morten: Please listen and repeat once more, Rekommendera ett bra ställe, tack
Jasmine: Nice work, everybody.
Morten: Please do remember the tone accents of these verbs folks, Tala.
Jasmine: That is important.
Morten: And then there are those one syllable verbs that form their present tense by adding R to the infinitive. And what about to live, bo?
Jasmine: Bo inte för nära stationen
Morten: Don't live too close to the station. Please listen and repeat.
Jasmine: Bo inte för nära stationen
Morten: Good job everybody again.
Jasmine: And finally we have those verbs that make their present tense by dropping A from their infinitive.
Morten: And replacing it with ER.
Jasmine: To make one of those verbs imperative…
Morten: …all you do is drop the A.
Jasmine: Läsa, Heta and Komma.
Morten: So could you give us the imperatives for this?
Jasmine: Sure. Läs och kom.
Morten: Okay, but where is Heta?
Jasmine: Heta doesn't have an imperative. It wouldn't make sense to commend someone to be called something, would it?
Morten: Well I guess it wouldn't. And what about Komma and Kom.
Jasmine: Please notice that kommer drops not only the A, but also an M.
Morten: This happens for reasons we don't go into now, but they have to do with Swedish pronunciation.
Jasmine: For now, just remember to drop the M when you write the word as well.
Morten: And could we have some example sentences with imperative Läs and Kom.
Jasmine: Naturally, Läs den här boken
Morten: Read this book here. Once more please so our listeners can repeat it.
Jasmine: Läs den här boken
Morten: Excellent. And one more example please?
Jasmine: Kom hit, Thomas, Thomas, come here.
Morten: All right, you know the drill, listen and repeat once more.
Jasmine: Kom hit, Thomas
Morten: Very good, Mycket bra.
Jasmine: And this is all you need to know about the imperatives for now.
Morten: So please get plenty of practice. Like our podcasts?
Jasmine: Then like our Facebook page too.
Morten: Get lesson updates our Swedish word of the day and news on Facebook.
Jasmine: Just search for SwedishPod101.com and like our fan page.
Morten: And if you like a lesson or a series on SwedishPod101.com.
Jasmine: Let us know…
Morten: …by clicking the button next to the lesson or series. Good by for now. Hejdå.
Jasmine: Hejdå. Tack så mycket. Till nästa gång!
Morten: Yes, till next time.

22 Comments

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SwedishPod101.com
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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Are you a coffee person? How much coffe do you drink every day?

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Swedishpod101.com
Thursday at 12:35 am
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Hej George,

"Ofta" is sometimes used as slang, and sometimes it may be used in an ironic way but mainly by young people.

For example: "Ofta han dumpade dig?" (Meaning I can't believe he dumped you.) :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye:


VickyT

Team Swedishpod101.com

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George
Thursday at 11:56 am
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hey everyone,


...is "ofta" often used in an ironic way? (like "I don´t buy it" or so)

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Swedishpod101.com
Wednesday at 11:52 pm
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Hej Kay,

Jag brukar dricka varm choklad, men inte så mycket på den senaste tiden. (I usually drink hot chocolate, but not so much lately.) :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye:


VickyT

Team Swedishpod101.com

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Kay
Sunday at 2:40 pm
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jag ibland dricka kaffe, men inte så mycket senaste.

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Swedishpod101.com
Monday at 11:43 pm
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Hej Adolf,

Jag vet att det låter löjligt. (I know it sounds ridiculous.)

Jag dricker massor med varm choklad när det är kallt. (I drink a lot of hot chocolate when it's cold.) :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye:


VickyT

Team Swedishpod101.com

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Adolf
Monday at 2:48 pm
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Hej Vicky:


Jag vet att ljudet är löjligt:laughing::laughing::laughing:

( i know that sound is ridiculous )


men det är sant, särskilt i det kalla vädret:smile:

( but its true, especially in the cold weather )

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Swedishpod101.com
Monday at 9:54 pm
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Hej Adolf,

Vi säger "ett kaffe monster" men "en kopp kaffe". (We say a coffee monster but a cup coffee.)

Dricker du kaffe innan du lägger dig? (Do you drink coffee before going to bed?) :flushed:


VickyT

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Adolf
Friday at 1:52 am
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Jag är en kaffe Monster:smiling_imp:


Jag dricker alltid en kopp (ca 200 ml) innan min sänggåendet:innocent:

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SwedishPod101.com
Wednesday at 1:09 pm
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Hej Yolande!


Vilken tur att jag har förstått dig korrekt :innocent:


Ja, jag tycker också att Gary är jätteintelligent!

"Jag tror att Gary är jätteintelligent och jag drog fördel av ert samtal om uttryckssätt futurumet." är en jättebra mening! Bra jobbat! Några jättesmå fel!

Rättad version "Jag tycker att Gary är jätteintelligent och jag drog fördel av ert samtal om uttryck i futurum"


Tack så jättemycket och God jul till dig också! :heart:

Jag är borta från min familj, men jag ska umgås med vänner i jul :innocent:


Jag hoppas du får en underbar jul du med!

Engla

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Yolande Brunelle
Friday at 4:44 am
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Hej Engla,

Jag har läst och studerat uppmärksamt alla dina svar. Du förstår mig.

Tack så mycket. Jag är tacksam. Jag hoppas att komma ihåg alla dina rättningar. Jag noterade allt.

Jag tror att Gary är jätteintelligent och jag drog fördel av ert samtal om uttryckssätt futurumet.

Oj! Vilken svår meningen! Jag hoppas att du förstår mig.


God Jul i Japan. Jag hoppas att du är inte ensam där borta.

Roa dig! Jag älskar dig.

Hejdå

Yolande