Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Alisha:Hi Everyone, this is Alisha:and welcome to SwedishPod101.com. This is Beginner season 1, lesson 5, Making Swedish Small Talk.
Satsuki:Hej allihopa! I’m Satsuki. In this lesson, we will learn how to make small talk with people that we’ve never met before.
Alisha:That’s a useful skill!. The conversation takes place at Karin’s dinner party and it is between Lisa and Karin’s friend Johan.
Satsuki:Lisa and Johan don’t know each other, but it’s a casual event so they’re using informal Swedish.
Alisha:Great! Let’s listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Johan Så Lisa, hur känner du Karin?
Lisa Vi pluggar tillsammans.
Johan Jaha, så du pluggar också till sjuksköterska?
Lisa Det stämmer. Och du, hur känner du Karin?
Johan Vi är barndomskamrater.
Lisa Jasså. Så, vad jobbar du med?
Johan Jag jobbar på bank.
Lisa Jaha, vad interessant. Berätta mer.
Alisha: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Johan Så Lisa, hur känner du Karin?
Lisa Vi pluggar tillsammans.
Johan Jaha, så du pluggar också till sjuksköterska?
Lisa Det stämmer. Och du, hur känner du Karin?
Johan Vi är barndomskamrater.
Lisa Jasså. Så, vad jobbar du med?
Johan Jag jobbar på bank.
Lisa Jaha, vad interessant. Berätta mer.
Alisha: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Johan: So Lisa, how do you know Karin?
Lisa: We’re studying together.
Johan: Oh really, so you are also studying to become a nurse?
Lisa: That’s right. And you, how do you know Karin?
Johan: We’re childhood friends.
Lisa: I see. So, what do you do?
Johan: I’m working at a bank.
Lisa: Oh, that’s interesting. Tell me more.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Alisha:Satsuki, I have a question for you!
Satsuki:Sure! Go ahead!
Alisha:So, Swedish people always talk about how casual Swedes are.
Satsuki:Yes, that’s usually true...
Alisha:So how do you introduce yourself to people that you’ve never met before? Do you try to high five them?
Satsuki:(laughs) No, we are not that casual. We actually shake hands like in many other cultures.
Alisha:(laughs) Okay, I see!
Satsuki:But you should remember that a good handshake in Sweden should not be too loose. In fact, it should be quite firm and it’s good to make eye contact too.
Alisha:Okay, I will remember that next time I met someone from Sweden! Now let’s move on to the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Alisha:Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Satsuki:känna [natural native speed]
Alisha:to know, feel
Satsuki:känna [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:känna [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:hur [natural native speed]
Alisha:how
Satsuki:hur [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:hur [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:plugga [natural native speed]
Alisha:study
Satsuki:plugga [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:plugga [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:tillsammans [natural native speed]
Alisha:together
Satsuki:tillsammans [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:tillsammans [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:sjuksköterska [natural native speed]
Alisha:nurse
Satsuki:sjuksköterska [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:sjuksköterska [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:barndomsvänner [natural native speed]
Alisha:childhood friends
Satsuki:barndomsvänner [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:barndomsvänner [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:att jobba [natural native speed]
Alisha:work
Satsuki:att jobba [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:att jobba [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:bank [natural native speed]
Alisha:bank
Satsuki:bank [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:bank [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:vad intressant [natural native speed]
Alisha:that’s/it’s interesting
Satsuki:vad intressant [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:vad intressant [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:Berätta mer [natural native speed]
Alisha:Tell me more
Satsuki:Berätta mer [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:Berätta mer [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Alisha:Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Satsuki:We will start by looking at the verb ‘att plugga’ which means “to study”.
Alisha:Isn’t there another word you can use instead of this?
Satsuki:Yes, you can also use the verb ‘att studera’.
Alisha:Is there any difference between them?
Satsuki:There’s no real difference, but ‘att plugga’ is probably used more frequently, at least in daily speech and casual conversations.
Alisha:So ‘att studera’ is more suitable for formal situations?
Satsuki:Yes, and also in writing.
Alisha:Got it. Now let’s look at the next expression from the dialogue, which is “that’s interesting”
Satsuki:In Swedish, this is ‘vad intressant’.
Alisha:It’s what Lisa says to Johan when he tells her what his job is.
Satsuki:That’s right! And it’s a very good expression to learn because you can use it when you are talking to new people to show that you’re really listening to what they’re saying, and that you think it’s interesting.
Alisha:But it’s not always interesting!
Satsuki:(laughs), Well, that’s true, so you shouldn’t use it too often, because people may think that you are not being sincere.
Alisha:(laughs) Okay, I got it. There was another expression in this lesson’s dialog that also seemed useful.
Satsuki:Yes, another useful phrase is ‘berätta mer’ which means “tell me more”. It’s similar to ‘va interessant’ since it shows that you’re taking an interest in what the person is telling you.
Alisha:I guess you could also use it if the conversation is not really running smoothly.
Satsuki:Yes, using this expression will probably make the conversation go on for a bit longer.
Alisha:Ok, now let’s move on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Alisha:In this lesson, you’ll learn how to make small talk with people that you’ve never met before. We will start with the question Lisa asked Johan about his job.
Satsuki:Yes, it was “what do you do?”, which in Swedish is ‘vad jobbar du med’?
Alisha:Ok listeners, before we break this down, let’s practice it. Repeat after Satsuki...
Satsuki:Vad jobbar du med? [pause]
Satsuki:Let’s now look at this sentence in more depth. Alisha, do you know what tense is used for the verb ‘att jobba’, meaning “to work”, in this sentence?
Alisha:Hmm…let me think! Well since you are asking about something that is ongoing, I guess you’d use the present tense.
Satsuki:That’s right, and ‘jobbar’ is the present tense of ‘att jobba’. Now let’s look at how we form verbs in the present tense.
Alisha:Great. Just remember that there are some exceptions to these rules, but for now, we will just focus on the general rules.
Satsuki:Okay, Swedish verbs can be classified into three types according to their verb stems. Each of these conjugate differently to their present tense.
Alisha:I see. So what type does the verb for “to work” belong to?
Satsuki:‘att jobba’ belongs to the type of verbs whose verb stem ends in ‘–a’, an English “a”, and the stem of these verbs are the same as the verb in its infinitive form. So ‘att kosta’, “to cost”, and ‘att plugga’ “to study” are examples of this kind of verb.
Alisha:So how do we change them into present tense?
Satsuki:To change these verbs into their present tense you simply add an ‘-r.’ Hence the change to ‘kostar’ and ‘pluggar’ in present tense. The second form of verb stem is the group of verbs that end with a consonant. The verb stem of these verbs is not identical to the verb in the infinitive form.
Alisha:Oh really? So how do they conjugate?
Satsuki:You simply add an ‘-a’ to the end of the stem to form the infinitive, and an ‘-er’, spelled “e-r”, to form the present tense.
Alisha:Okay I am feeling a little overwhelmed, but please tell me about the last one as well!
Satsuki:I understand that this is a lot of information, but it’s important to know, and if you can’t remember all the rules right now, you can always look at the lesson notes for the explanations.
Alisha:That’s good advice!
Satsuki:So the last type of verbs are the ones whose stem ends in a vowel other than an ‘–a’. The stem of these verbs is the same as the verb in the infinitive. The verbs ‘att bo’ meaning “to live” and ‘att gå’ “to go” belong to this group.
Alisha:Yes and to change them into present tense, you simply add an ‘–r’.
Satsuki:So ‘att bo’ changes into ‘bor’ and ‘att gå’ changes into ‘går’ in the present tense.
Alisha:Okay, good work everyone! That’s it for this lesson, but please come back soon to learn more useful phrases in Swedish, and don’t forget to check the lesson notes. Bye everyone!
Satsuki:Thanks for listening! Hej då.

42 Comments

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SwedishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Hi everyone,

What do you do? Tell us in Swedish!

SwedishPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 10:07 PM
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Hej Gary,

Yes, exactly. 😄 Keep up the good questions!


Vicky

Team SwedishPod101.com

Gary
Monday at 03:40 AM
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Hej Vicky


Thank you for your reply.


I guess then that it just comes down to having to remember which group a verb belongs to in the same way that one has to remember whether a noun is an 'en' or an 'ett' when there are no rules !


Hälsningar


Gary

SwedishPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 12:05 AM
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Hej Gary,

Good question! Understand what you mean. Yes, unfortunately there isn't a rule of how to "figure out" the stem from for example the infinitive. The Swedish verbs belong to different verb groups, as is touched upon above. And as you can see, verbs that look very similar in their infinitive form, might still belong to different verb groups! 😅 So it is more a question of looking up which verb group a certain verb belongs to, which will show you what its verb stem is and how to conjugate it.


Vicky

Team SwedishPod101.com

Gary
Wednesday at 03:32 AM
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(Part 2)


So my question is, is there also a set of rules for learning the verb stems or is this just down to memory as without knowing the verb stems, conjugation becomes very difficult ?


Hälsningar


Gary

Gary
Wednesday at 03:31 AM
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Hej


(I've had to post this question in two parts as it's above the word count.)


In the lesson notes regarding verb conjugation, it talks about the 'verb stems' of the three verb groups in question.


However, the notes don't appear to explain how one would know that the verb strem for a verb such as, 'kosta' is 'kosta', but the verb stem for a verb such as, 'komma' is 'komm'. Knowing what to put on the end isn't too much of a problem, but from what I can see, knowing what to put it on is !


For example, without knowing for sure that the verb stem for 'kosta' is 'kosta', it would be very easy to mistakenly assume that it was 'kost' and incorrectly conjugate it as 'koster' ?

SwedishPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 11:55 PM
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Hej Mai,

Jag tror nog de flesta helt enkelt säger "start-up", som ett låneord från engelskan. 😜

(I think that most people simply say "start-up", as a loanword form English".


Vicky

Team SwedishPod101.com

Mai Nguyen
Saturday at 09:51 PM
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Hej

Jag pluggar i universitet om design och jag jobbar vid en start!

I try to find the word for a startup in Swedish but I am not so sure because there are so many. Some say börja and others say uppstart 😅

SwedishPod101.com Verified
Wednesday at 11:13 PM
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Hej Martin,

Det låter underbart! Tycker du om Paris? 😄

(That sounds wonderful! Do you like Paris?)


Vicky

Team SwedishPod101.com

Martin Tiroge
Thursday at 02:52 AM
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Hej! Jag jobbar inte, men jag är en student in Paris 😁

SwedishPod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 02:40 PM
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Hej Reinaldo,

Vad spännande att du arbetar på Ericsson, det är ju ett svenskt företag, eller hur? 😇

(Very exciting that you're working for Ericsson, that's a Swedish company, isn't it?)


Vicky

Team SwedishPod101.com