Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Elin: Hej allihopa! I’m Elin.
Becky: Hi everyone, I’m Becky. Welcome back to SwedishPod101.com. This is Upper Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 11 - Good Things Come to Those Who Wait in Sweden. In this lesson, you’ll learn conjugation rules for irregular verbs.
Elin: The conversation takes place in Emma’s car.
Becky: It’s between Emma and her daughter Elsa, and they are using informal Swedish, since they are mother and daughter.
Elin: Great! Let's listen to the conversation.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Becky: Lucky Elsa got an ice cream! So Elin, is it common for Swedes to bribe their children to get them to do what they want?
Elin: I would say that it happens, but it’s generally not seen as a great way to get your child to do as you ask.
Becky: How would you describe Swedish parenting generally?
Elin: I think Swedish parenting is different in many ways from parenting in other countries, because Swedes tend to have a view, where the child is seen as an individual, with different characteristics. And this is something that’s also reflected in the approach Swedes take to parenting.
Becky: I see. What about disciplining your children, how do Swedes look at that?
Elin: In Sweden, the parents’ right to fisikly discipline their children was abolished in 1966, and teachers and other people working with children, are bound by law to report to the social services, if they suspect that a child is being abused at home in any way.
Becky: Okay, that’s good to know! Now let’s move on to the vocab.
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Becky: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Elin: The first word we need to talk about is “någonstans”.
Becky: And that means “anywhere”, right?
Elin: Yes, but it can also mean “somewhere”.
Becky: So in Swedish, there’s one word that corresponds to both “anywhere” and “somewhere”?
Elin: Precisely. And as usual, when we have a word that contains “någon” as in “någonstans”, Swedes really like to use the abbreviation “nån” in their colloquial language.
Becky: So how does that sound?
Elin: Instead of “någonstans”, many Swedes will say ”nånstans”
Becky: Okay, what’s next?
Elin: Next is the verb “att handla”.
Becky: And that means “to buy”.
Elin: Precisely!
Becky: But, I’m quite sure I’ve heard this verb used in another situation where it didn’t mean “to buy”.
Elin: That’s right! “Att handla” can also mean “to act”.
Becky: So how would you say, “it’s important to act fast” in Swedish?
Elin: That’s “det är viktigt att handla fort”.
Becky: Great! Now, let’s move on to the grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Becky: In this lesson, you’ll learn conjugation rules for irregular verbs. Where do we begin?
Elin: Let’s start by talking a bit about irregular, or strong verbs, as they are sometimes also called.
Becky: Ok, what about them?
Elin: In Swedish, the irregular verbs can be divided into two different groups.
Becky: You’re talking about the irregular verb and the double irregular verbs, right?
Elin: That’s right! There are rules for how to conjugate irregular verbs, but the double irregular verbs don’t follow conjugation rules.
Becky: So I guess you just have to memorize the double irregular verbs then.
Elin: Yes. But now let’s move on, and look at the rules for how to conjugate irregular verbs.
Becky: Where should we start?
Elin: We will start with irregular verbs with a verb stem that contains a short “I”, followed by two consonants.
Becky: What are some examples?
Elin: For example, “att sitta” meaning “to sit”, “att dricka” meaning “to drink”, and “att springa” meaning “to run”.
Becky: Okay, and how do you conjugate these?
Elin: The good news is that you can create different forms of these verbs, as long as you know the imperative form.
Becky: Great! So what’s the imperative form of the verb “to sit”?
Elin: “sitt”.
Becky: And how do we switch it to its infinitive form?
Elin: You simply add the ending –a, “a”, to the imperative form, so ”sitt” meaning “sit” becomes ”att sitta” meaning “to sit”.
Becky: Let’s get our listeners to practice that!
Elin: Sure! Listeners repeat after me please!
Elin: “Sitt”[pause], “att sitta”[pause].
Becky: And how do you make it into present tense?
Elin: You add the ending –er, “e”, “r”, to the imperative form, so ”sitt” meaning “sit”, becomes ”sitter” meaning “sits”. Listeners, repeat after me!
Elin: “Sitt”[pause], “sitter”[pause].
Becky: And how about the preterit?
Elin: For the preterit, you simply change the stem vowel “I” to an “a”, so “sitt” meaning “sit” becomes “satt” meaning “sat”. Listeners repeat after me!
Elin: “sitt”[pause], “satt”[pause].
Becky: And finally, how about the supine form?
Elin: You change the stem vowel “I” to “u” and add the ending –it, so “sitt” meaning “sit” becomes “suttit” meaning “been sitting”.
Becky: Listeners, repeat after Elin!
Elin: “Sitt”[pause], “suttit”[pause].
Becky: Let’s try another one, how about the verb, “to drink”? Firstly, infinitive form?
Elin: You add the ending -a to its imperative form, which is “drick”. So “drick” meaning “drink” becomes “att dricka” meaning “to drink”. Repeat after me, “Drick” [pause], “att dricka”[pause].
Becky: And to form the present tense, you just add the ending “-er”, right?
Elin: Yes! So “drick” meaning “drink” becomes “dricker” meaning “drinks”.
Becky: For the preterit, you need to change the stem vowel “I” to an “a”.
Elin: That’s right! And “drick” meaning “drink” becomes, “drack” meaning “drank”.
Becky: And finally for the supine, you also need to change the stem vowel “i” to “u”, plus add the ending -it, “i”, “t”.
Elin: Yes! So the verb “drick” meaning “drink” becomes “druckit” meaning “drunk”.
Elin: Let’s also look at the verb “spring”, meaning “run”.
Becky: To change it from its imperative to its infinitive, you just add the ending -a, right?
Elin: That’s right! So “spring” meaning “run” becomes “att springa” meaning “to run”.
Becky: And to make it into the present, you simply add the ending -er.
Elin: Yes. So “spring” meaning “run” becomes “springer” meaning “runs”.
Becky: For the preterite, you just need to change the stem vowel “i” to an “a”.
Elin: Correct! So, “spring” meaning “run” changes into “sprang” meaning “ran”.
Becky: And finally, for the supine, you need to again change the stem vowel “i”, but in this case to a “u” , and also add the ending -it.
Elin: So “spring” meaning “run” becomes “sprungit” meaning “run”. Listeners, repeat after me!
Elin: “Spring” [pause], “sprungit”[pause],
Becky: Ok. Remember to check the lesson notes if any of that was confusing!

Outro

Becky: Okay that’s it for this lesson. Thanks for listening everyone, and we’ll see you next time.
Elin: Hej då!

9 Comments

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SwedishPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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Have you mastered all irregular verbs in Swedish? Try writing a sentence usign them!

Team SwedishPod101.com
Wednesday at 1:00 am
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Hej Allison,


Ja, det stämmer. (Yes, that's correct.) We often use "handla" as the word for shopping too.

For example: Jag ska åka och handla, vill du ha något? (I'm going shopping, do you want anything?)

"köpa" is used more as the English "buy".


I hope this helps. 😇

VickyT

Team SwedishPod101.com

Allison
Sunday at 12:52 am
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Du har två orden vilken betyder buy, köpa (köpte) och handla. Stämmer det?

Swedishpod101.comVerified
Saturday at 6:49 pm
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Hej Dost,


Vilken bra fråga du ställer! (What a good question you are asking!)

"I'm self-taught." translates into "Jag är självlärd." meaning you learned by yourself.

However if you want to say that you studied on your own it would be "Jag studerade på egen hand."


Jag hoppas att det besvarade din fråga. (I hope it answered your question.)

VickyT

Team Swedishpod101.com

Dost
Friday at 1:37 am
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Hej,


tack för det här läxan

I har en fråga!

hur jag kan säger "I was studying alone or I studied by my self

Och "I'm a self taught"


Tack så mycket :)

SwedishPod101.comVerified
Saturday at 9:30 pm
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Hejsan Yolande!


Bra jobbat!

Jag rättar dina meningar lite! Du hade några fel, mest med ordföljd :innocent:


"Varje år min mamma bjöd alla familjen på julafton festen."

Varje år bjöd min mamma in hela familjen på julaftonsfest.


"Det här året, jag har bjudit en flickvän på annandag jul."

Det här året hade jag bjudit in en väninna på annandag jul.


"Hon kom hemma hos mig vid femtiden och vi åt vid brasan I vardagsrummet."

Hon kom hem till mig vid femtiden och vi åt vid brasan i vardagsrummet.


"Vi åt och söp lite för mycket."

Vi åt och drack lite för mycket.


Vi ses!

Engla

Team SwedishPod101.com

Yolande Brunelle
Thursday at 2:32 am
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Hej,

Varje år min mamma bjöd alla familjen på julafton festen.

Det här året, jag har bjudit en flickvän på annandag jul.

Hon kom hemma hos mig vid femtiden och vi åt vid brasan I vardagsrummet.

Vi åt och söp lite för mycket.


Slut för idag med oregelbundna verb och prepositioner.

Jag hoppas det är bra.

Vi ses

Yolande

SwedishPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 2:12 pm
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Hejsan Li!


Haha, du har helt rätt! Fast det beror på hur gamla de är :innocent:


Can I correct your grammar a little?

"Man borde aldrig lämna sina barn i bilen ensam!"

Man borde aldrig lämna sina barn ensamma i bilen!


Vi ses!

Engla

Team SwedishPod101.com

Li
Tuesday at 4:45 pm
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Man borde aldrig lämna sina barn i bilen ensam! :unamused: