Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Elin: Hej allihopa! I’m Elin.
Becky: Hi everyone, I’m Becky. Welcome back to SwedishPod101.com. This is Upper Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 12 - Running Into Friends at a Swedish Mall. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use interrogative pronouns.
Elin: The conversation takes place in Emma and David’s apartment.
Becky: It’s between Emma and her partner David, and they are using informal Swedish, since they are a couple.
Elin: Great! Let's listen to the conversation.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Becky: Sounds like David had a nice time at the mall. He ran into so many people he knew! But there is one thing that I would like to ask.
Elin: Sure.
Becky: Is “mall” the only Swedish word you use for malls?
Elin: Well, the term “centrum” can mean “mall”, but it’s actually a wider term, that’s not restricted to a single building with shops and restaurants.
Becky: So what do Swedes mean when they use that term?
Elin: The term “centrum” is often used in Swedish, when we’re talking about an area in a city or town, where people go to run their errands, such as the post office, the bank, or somewhere else you’d go shopping.
Becky: And what are the common features of a Swedish mall?
Elin: The “centrum” in Sweden usually have common features, with one or more grocery stores such as “ICA”, “Konsum” or “Willys”. There are usually also some banks, such as “Nordea”, “Swedbank” or “Handelsbanken”.
Becky: What about clothing and home decor stores?
Elin: It’s not unusual to find stores like “H and M”, “Lindex”, “Din sko” and “Hemtext”. Many “centrum” also have a “Systembolaget ” which is the chain of stores that are allowed to sell alcohol.
Becky: Listeners, keep those tips in mind! Now, let’s move on to the vocab.
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Becky: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Elin: The first word we need to talk about is the verb “att springa på”.
Becky: And that translates to “to run in to”.
Elin: Well, it obviously doesn’t mean that you actually run into someone - it’s used the same way as in English.
Becky: Ok, and what else do we have?
Elin: Next we have the verb “att hälsade till”.
Becky: Which translates to “to send one’s regards”.
Elin: That’s right, but I think we should spend some extra time on this one, because it can easily be confused with the verb “att hälsa”, which can mean both “to greet” and “to visit”.
Becky: I see how that could be confusing for non-native speakers, so what’s a way you can tell them apart?
Elin: Just look for the prepositions “till” meaning “to” and “på” meaning ”on”. If the preposition “på” is used after the verb “att hälsa”, it usually means either “to greet” or “to visit”. And most of the time, you can tell from the context whether it means “to greet” or “to visit”.
Becky: How would you say, “I’m going to visit Lisa this weekend”?
Elin: “Jag ska hälsa på Lisa i helgen”.
Becky: What about, “Lisa and Anna greeted each other, when they ran into each other outside the store.”?
Elin: That’s, “Lisa och Anna hälsade på varandra, när de sprang på varandra utanför affären”. But just to clarify, when we see the preposition “till” meaning “to” after the verb “att hälsa”, it means “to send one’s regards”.
Becky: So how would I say, “send my regards to Lisa, when you see her”?
Elin: “Hälsa till Lisa från mig, när du ser henne.”.
Becky: Ok. Now let’s move on to the grammar.
GRAMMAR POINT
Becky: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use interrogative pronouns. Interrogative pronoun are the ones you use in both indirect and direct questions.
Elin: And in this lesson, we’ll look more closely at the interROgative pronouns that appeared in this lesson’s dialog. They were “vem”, which means “who”, and “vilka” which means “who, plural”, “which” and “what”.
Becky: Where do we start?
Elin: Let’s start with the interrogative pronoun “vem”, meaning “who”.
Becky: And what about it?
Elin: Well, Swedish is different from English in the way that the interrogative pronoun “vem”, is only used when we are referring to one person.
Becky: So when Emma said “Who is Kalle”, she used this word because she’s only referring to one person?
Elin: That’s right, she said “Vem är Kalle”.
Becky: Maybe we should get our listeners to practice that.
Elin: Great idea! Listeners, repeat after me please!
Elin: “Vem är Kalle”[pause].
Becky: And how would you say something like, “Who is your best friend”?
Elin: That’s “vem är din bästa vän”. Listeners, repeat after me!
Elin: “vem är din bästa vän”[pause].
Becky: So what interrogative pronoun would you use if you are referring to more than one person?
Elin: You’ll use “vilka”.
Becky: That must be the pronoun Emma uses when she says, “who did you meet”.
Elin: Exactly! She said, “vilka träffade du”. Listeners repeat after me!
Elin: “Vilka träffade du”[pause].
Becky: And how would you say, ”who is invited”?
Elin: “Vilka är bjudna”. Listeners, repeat after me!
Elin: “Vilka är bjudna”[pause].
Becky: But can’t this interrogative pronoun also mean something else?
Elin: Yes “vilka” can also mean “which” and “what”, and you use it when you’re referring to plural words.
Becky: Ok, so how would you say something like, “which pants shall I buy”?
Elin: That’s, “vilka byxor ska jag köpa”. Listeners, repeat after me!
Elin: “Vilka byxor ska jag köpa”[pause].
Becky: And how would I say, “I don’t know what pants to wear”?
Elin: Then you would say, “jag vet inte vilka byxor jag ska sätta på mig”. Listeners, repeat after me!
Elin: “Jag vet inte vilka byxor jag ska sätta på mig”[pause].
Becky: Ok listeners, make sure to check the lesson notes if you’re unsure about anything from this lesson.

Outro

Becky: Okay that’s it for this lesson. Thanks for listening everyone, and we’ll see you next time.
Elin: Hej då!

10 Comments

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SwedishPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Have you ever went shopping in a Swedish centrum?

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Team SwedishPod101.com
Tuesday at 4:51 pm
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Hej Ramona,

Vad kul att du tycker om lektionen! (Great that you like the lesson!) ❤️️


Vicky

Team SwedishPod101.com



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Ramona
Sunday at 6:42 pm
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Tack så mycket!


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Team SwedishPod101.com
Monday at 5:03 pm
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Hej Ramona,


Bra frågor! (Good questions!)


"bad" is the past tense of "be", to ask. You can also use this word for prey.


"som" is a little difficult to explain since it has several translations, for example: as, that, like. But, we use "som" to combine two sentences into one.


For example:

Jag har en syster. Hon bor i England. -> Jag har en syster som bor i England.

(I have a sister. She lives in England. -> I have a sister that lives in England.)


I hope this explanation helps a little. Please let us know if you have any further questions. 😇


Vicky

Team SwedishPod101.com

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Ramona
Tuesday at 6:00 pm
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Också, kan du hjälpa mig förstår ordet 'som': "Jag undrar vem som tog den sista mjölken." och "Jag undrar vilka som va på festen."

Tack så mycket.

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Ramona
Tuesday at 5:45 pm
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I have not seen this word used this way before: "bad". Anna bad mig att hälsa till dig.

Kan du hjälpa mig förstår?


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SwedishPod101.com
Saturday at 9:36 pm
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Hej Yolande!


Jag mår bra tack! Hur mår du?


Bra jobbat! Dock några småfel :smile:


"Jag bor i min småstad centrum när finner jag allt jag behöver och när ibland springer jag på mina vänner."

Jag bor i min småstads centrum där jag finner allt jag behöver och där jag ibland springer på mina vänner.


"Det affärscentrum är långt och jag går inte där ofta."

Affärscentrumet är långt borta och jag går inte dit ofta.


"jag är inte säkert om de där meningar."

Jag är inte säker på de där meningarna.


"Tackar för rätta mig."

Tack för att du rättar mig.


Bra jobbat!

Kämpa på!

Engla

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Yolande Brunelle
Friday at 1:57 am
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Hej Engla,

Hur mår du?

Jag bor i min småstad centrum när finner jag allt jag behöver och när ibland springer jag på mina vänner.

Det affärscentrum är långt och jag går inte där ofta.

jag är inte säkert om de där meningar.

Jag tror det finns många fel.

Tackar för rätta mig.

Yolande

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SwedishPod101.com
Thursday at 6:36 pm
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Hej Gary!


That is absolutely correct! Thank you so much for letting us know!


We've fixed it already.

Hälsningar


Engla

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Gary
Wednesday at 10:37 pm
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Hej Satsuki


Just to let you know that the final two lines of the dialogue appear to be missing from the slow version ?


Hälsningar


Gary