Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

Becky: Welcome to 3-Minute Swedish Season 1, Lesson 9 - Using Adjectives. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to use adjectives in simple sentences in Swedish.
Body
Becky: Here's the way to say 'I am happy.' in Swedish.
Carl: [Normal] Jag är glad
Becky: First is a word meaning 'I'
Carl: [Normal] jag [Slow] jag
Becky: Next is the word meaning 'am'
Carl: [Normal] är [Slow] är
Becky: Last is the word meaning 'happy'
Carl: [Normal] glad [Slow] glad
Becky: Listen again to the phrase meaning 'I am happy.'
Carl: [Slow] Jag är glad [Normal] Jag är glad
Becky: Ok, now let's take a look at the informal way to say 'You are happy.'
Carl: [Normal] Du är glad.
Becky: First is a word meaning 'you'
Carl: [Normal] du [Slow] du
Becky: Next is the word meaning 'are'
Carl: [Normal] är [Slow] är
Becky: Last is the word meaning 'happy'
Carl: [Normal] glad [Slow] glad
Becky: Listen again to the informal phrase meaning 'You are happy.'
Carl: [Slow] Du är glad. [Normal] Du är glad.
Becky: Next up is the way to say 'We are sad.'
Carl: [Normal] Vi är ledsna
Becky: First is a word meaning 'we'
Carl: [Normal] vi [Slow] vi
Becky: Next is the word meaning 'are'
Carl: [Normal] är [Slow] är
Becky: Last is the word meaning 'sad'
Carl: [Normal] ledsna [Slow] ledsna
Becky: Listen again to the phrase meaning 'We are sad.'
Carl: [Slow] Vi är ledsna [Normal] Vi är ledsna
Becky: Finally, here is a way to say 'They are sad.'
Carl: [Normal] Dom är ledsna.
Becky: First is a word meaning 'they'
Carl: [Normal] dom [Slow] dom
Becky: Next is the word meaning 'are'
Carl: [Normal] är [Slow] är
Becky: Last is the word meaning 'sad'
Carl: [Normal] ledsna [Slow] ledsna
Becky: Listen again to the phrase meaning 'They are sad.'
Carl: [Slow] Dom är ledsna. [Normal] Dom är ledsna.
Cultural Insight
Becky: Now it's time for a quick cultural insight.
Carl: If you want to insist on an adjective in Swedish, you can put the word jätte in front of it. If for example, you add jätte to bra meaning "good," you get jättebra, which means "very good," or if you add it to vacker meaning "beautiful," you get jättevacker, meaning "very beautiful."

Outro

Becky: And that’s all for this lesson. Don’t forget to check out the lesson notes, and we’ll see you in the next lesson!

5 Comments

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SwedishPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hi Listeners! Let's practice these adjectives in the comments!

Team SwedishPod101.com
Tuesday at 7:54 pm
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Hej Anne-Margaret,


Yes, you're absolutely right. 😄


For example:

Jag är ledsen. (I'm sad.)

De är ledsna. (They are sad.)


VickyT

Team SwedishPod101.com

Anne-Margaret
Sunday at 10:50 pm
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Hej Vicky! Jag har fråga om ord "ledsna". Kan det också blir "ledsen"?

Swedishpod101.comVerified
Saturday at 12:56 am
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Hi Lec,

De är trötta på alla turister. (They are tired of all the tourists.)

Alex är trött på dem. (Alex is tired of them.)

"De" and "dem" can be exchanged to "dom" because "dom" is informal and used mainly in speaking.

"De/dem" is used in writing. However there is a rule for when you can use de and dem, even a lot of Swedish people tend to mix them up. :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye:


VickyT

Team Swedishpod101.com

Lec Zorn
Tuesday at 8:27 am
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I noticed you spell the word for "them" as "dom," instead of "de." Are the two spellings interchangeable, or is each used in particular situations? By the way "de" is almost the only pronunciation oddity I've discovered in Swedish!