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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Morten: Welcome to SwedishPod101.com Absolute Beginner Season 1, Lesson 18 - Grocery Shopping in Swedish: The Essentials. Hej och välkomna, this Morten.
Jasmine: Hej, allihopa. I'm Jasmine.
Morten: In this lesson, we are looking at grocery shopping in Sweden using Swedish of course.
Jasmine: We are in a supermarket on Mölndalsvägen near the halls, our main characters live in.
Morten: James is there with Ewa in the early evening.
Jasmine: They're discussing what they need to buy.
Morten: Okay, let's listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

James: Så, vi behöver mjölk, ägg, ost och toapapper ...
Ewa: Hurså? Är det slut IGEN? Jag tror vi behöver också juice och bröd.
James: Bröd handlade jag igår. Hälften är i frysen.
Ewa: Och hur är det med frukt och grönsaker?
James: Vill du laga nyttig mat åt oss? Vad bra.
Ewa: Jo ... nej, egentligen inte. Jag vet, Flingor behöver vi också.
James: Ja, just det. Jag hoppas det var allt nu.
Ewa: Jag med, vi måste ju bära hem allt.
Morten: And now, let's listen to the slow version.
Jasmine: Och nu ska vi lyssna på den sakta versionen.
James: Så, vi behöver mjölk, ägg, ost och toapapper ...
Ewa: Hurså? Är det slut IGEN? Jag tror vi behöver också juice och bröd.
James: Bröd handlade jag igår. Hälften är i frysen.
Ewa: Och hur är det med frukt och grönsaker?
James: Vill du laga nyttig mat åt oss? Vad bra.
Ewa: Jo ... nej, egentligen inte. Jag vet, Flingor behöver vi också.
James: Ja, just det. Jag hoppas det var allt nu.
Ewa: Jag med, vi måste ju bära hem allt.
Morten: And now with the English translation.
Jasmine: Och nu med den engelska översättningen.
James: Så, vi behöver mjölk, ägg, ost och toapapper ...
Morten: OK, we need milk, eggs, cheese and toilet paper...
Ewa: Hurså? Är det slut IGEN? Jag tror vi behöver också juice och bröd.
Morten: How come? Are we out AGAIN? I think we also need juice and bread. James
James: Bröd handlade jag igår. Hälften är i frysen.
Morten: And what about fruit and vegetables?
Ewa: Och hur är det med frukt och grönsaker?
Morten: Are you going to cook something healthy for us? Good.
James: Vill du laga nyttig mat åt oss? Vad bra.
Morten: Well...no, not really. I know, we also need cereal.
Ewa: Jo ... nej, egentligen inte. Jag vet, Flingor behöver vi också.
Morten: Yes, that's right, I hope that was everything now.
James: Ja, just det. Jag hoppas det var allt nu.
Morten: So do I, especially since we have to carry everything home.
Ewa: Jag med, vi måste ju bära hem allt.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Morten: Right, grocery shopping at a supermarket in Sweden, it can't be that different from anywhere else.
Jasmine: Maybe you're right. However, it's good to know a thing or two about Swedish supermarkets.
Morten: I hear it used to be an oligopoly of three big chains.
Jasmine: That's correct, but those days are over. Now there are cheap supermarkets from Denmark or Germany offering more choice.
Morten: And there are also Swedish alternatives, right?
Jasmine: Exactly, if you live on a budget, places like Matex or PrisXtra alongside with German Lidl and Danish Netto are good places to go.
Morten: But even the major chains like ICA, Konsum and Coop are options.
Jasmine: Yes, they are. They often have big supermarkets outside of the city centers.
Morten: So they're open longer and offer a wider range of goods.
Jasmine: And they're not necessarily more expensive.
Morten: How about foreign foods like Asian, Middle Eastern and such?
Jasmine: You can find them, but they're less common than in Mainland Europe.
Morten: Often, you can find local shops where such goods are sold, right?
Jasmine: Yes. And they also often have good prices for fresh produce.
VOCAB LIST
Morten: And now, let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. First, we have.
Jasmine: Mjölk [natural native speed]
Morten: Milk.
Jasmine: Mjölk [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Mjölk [natural native speed]
Morten: Next, we have.
Jasmine: ägg [natural native speed]
Morten: Egg.
Jasmine: ägg [slowly - broken down by syllable]. ägg [natural native speed]
Morten: Next, we have.
Jasmine: Ost [natural native speed]
Morten: Cheese.
Jasmine: Ost [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Ost [natural native speed]
Morten: Next, we have.
Jasmine: Behöva [natural native speed]
Morten: To need.
Jasmine: Behöva [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Behöva [natural native speed]
Morten: Next, we have.
Jasmine: Handla [natural native speed]
Morten: To grocery shop.
Jasmine: Handla [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Handla [natural native speed]
Morten: Next, we have.
Jasmine: Bröd [natural native speed]
Morten: Bread.
Jasmine: Bröd [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Bröd [natural native speed]
Morten: Next, we have.
Jasmine: Frukt [natural native speed]
Morten: Fruit.
Jasmine: Frukt [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Frukt [natural native speed]
Morten: And next, we have.
Jasmine: Grönsak [natural native speed]
Morten: Vegetable.
Jasmine: Grönsak [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Grönsak [natural native speed]
Morten: And finally, we have.
Jasmine: Mat [natural native speed]
Morten: Food.
Jasmine: Mat [slowly - broken down by syllable]. Mat [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Morten: Let's take a closer look at the words and phrases for this lesson. There's one phrase in this lesson that is very versatile and easily applicable.
Jasmine: It is a little reaction word, Hurså?
Morten: Meaning something along the lines of how come or what.
Jasmine: Hurså? is usually an expression of surprise.
Morten: Okay. As in we don't need any bread today, Vi behöver inget bröd idag.
Jasmine: To which I might say, Hurså, because I wasn't aware that somebody had bought some.
Morten: Okay, let's try that again, this time with our listeners participating. Vi behöver inget bröd idag.
Jasmine: Hurså? very good.
Morten: It's also worth noting that unlike the English what, Hurså doesn't bear any inherent aggressiveness.
Jasmine: That's right. It's a pretty neutral expression. A lot more like how come.
Morten: And it is freely combinable with other words. It can stand on its own at a beginning of a sentence or it can participate in the sentence as an adverb.
Jasmine: That's what it's doing in this sentence, Hurså, behöver vi inget bröd? Har du handlat?
Morten: How come? Don't we need any bread? Have you been shopping.
Jasmine: Next stop are some vocab words that need our attention.
Morten: First is mat an utrum word.
Jasmine: It means food in general, but it can also refer specifically to a meal.
Morten: And it's often used in its definite form Maten.
Jasmine: Yup. Next, we have the verb handla, to grocery shop.
Morten: Or to do the shopping. What's so special about this verb?
Jasmine: Well it's just that it's often used for grocery shopping.
Morten: Correct. There is another word used for shopping for other things like clothes or big things, but we'll look at that another time.
Jasmine: We sure will. So when you use Handla use it for everyday items like the ones in our dialogue.
Morten: You might have noticed that the dialogue included toilet paper, so handla isn't just for food.
Jasmine: No, it's for products we use everyday.
Morten: Got it. Finally, we'd like to take a look at the verb Behöva.
Jasmine: But since it is more of a grammatical than a phrasal or vocab issue…
Morten: …we'll look at it in the lesson focus. So far so good.
Jasmine: Excellent work, everyone.

Lesson focus

Morten: And now, let's take a look at the grammar for this lesson. As we mentioned, we'll be looking at the verb Behöva.
Jasmine: And we'll take a peak at two important quantifying indefinite pronouns, många and mycket.
Morten: Let's do Behlöva first.
Jasmine: It means to need something. And it can be used as a stand-alone verb or as a modal with another verb.
Morten: That's right. You can use it with almost any noun to say that you need that noun.
Jasmine: And you can use it with a verb to say you need to do that verb. In that case, you need to use the verb to do in the infinitive just like in English.
Morten: But let's take a look at some examples and practice them first.
Jasmine: We start by using Behöva with a noun.
Morten: Jag behöver tid, I need time.
Jasmine: Please listen and repeat after me, Jag behöver tid.
Morten: Very good. This is pretty common way to ask for more time to complete something.
Jasmine: Jag behöver en öl, I need a beer.
Morten: Very straight forward. Here, you're craving something concrete.
Jasmine: Listen and repeat after me, Jag behöver en öl.
Morten: Nice one. How about when you need something more abstract?
Jasmine: Jag behöver ro, I need peace and quiet.
Morten: Please listen and repeat. Jag behöver ro.
Jasmine: Excellent work. Let's recap a little. If you want to say you need time.
Morten: In Swedish, you say?
Jasmine: Jag behöver tid, that's right.
Morten: Or you're craving a beer, so you say?
Jasmine: Jag behöver en öl, well done.
Morten: Now it's time to use Behöva with other verbs like handla.
Jasmine: Jag behöver handla. I need to do some shopping.
Morten: In English a verb's infinitive acts like a noun as the direct object of the verb to need and that's exactly what's going on with Behöva in Swedish.
Jasmine: The handla after behöva is a verb. But it's used as a noun in the infinitive to show the thing you need.
Morten: Let's practice this sentence once more, Jag behöver handla.
Jasmine: Good work, people.
Morten: Now, let's kick it up a notch, Han behöver tänka på framtiden.
Jasmine: He needs to think about the future. This time behöva comes before an entire phrase.
Morten: He needs to do some thinking, tänka på framtiden.
Jasmine: The whole verb phrase Tänka på framtiden, got turned into a noun, didn't it?
Morten: That's exactly right. That way it can become a direct object of Behöva.
Jasmine: So those are two ways you use behöva, as a verb before a noun when you need something and as a modal before another verb when you need to do something.
Morten: Understood. The next thing we'll look at is quantifying indefinite pronouns.
Jasmine: Wow, that's a mouthful, but it really isn't so complicated especially not for English speakers.
Morten: That's true. But the two definite pronouns Många and Mycket refer to large quantities of something.
Jasmine: Since they're indefinite, we don't know exactly the extent, but we know it's a lot.
Morten: Their English counterparts are many and much.
Jasmine: Yes, många is many and mycket is much.
Morten: And luckily they're used in Swedish about the same way as they are in English.
Jasmine: Many eggs in English is många ägg in Swedish.
Morten: Many friends is många kompisar.
Jasmine: It's the same distinction between countable and uncountable nouns that you make in English. många is for the countable nouns.
Morten: That's right. Let's contrast it with a pronoun for uncountable nouns.
Jasmine: For much time, you say mycket tid.
Morten: And mycket vatten is much water.
Jasmine: Interestingly mycket bröd is much bread.
Morten: This may surprise because you might say bread is very countable.
Jasmine: And you'd be right, but both English and Swedish distinguish between countable quantities bread.
Morten: Which need a count words like loaves and slices.
Jasmine: And the general concept of bread, which as an abstract idea, is not countable.
Morten: So English and Swedish are very close in this respect.
Jasmine: Absolutely, you're pretty say using pronouns in Swedish the way you're used to using them in English.
Morten: Wow, that's a big relief. Thanks for listening, everybody.
Jasmine: Want a free way to build your Swedish vocabulary?
Morten: Follow our Swedish word of the day at SwedishPod101.com.
Jasmine: See and hear the word of the day.
Morten: Plus sample phrases and sentences.
Jasmine: Get this daily vocabulary alerts on Facebook, Twitter and the SwedishPod101.com blog.
Morten: And add this widget to your own website or blog. They're available in 35 languages.
Jasmine: Get these easy instructions at SwedishPod101.com/Swedish-phrases. Tack så mycket allihopa. Vi hörs!
Morten: Yes, thanks. Until next time. Hejdå
Jasmine: Hejdå

18 Comments

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SwedishPod101.com
Tuesday at 6:30 pm
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Give us your daily groceries list... in Swedish of course!

Team SwedishPod101.com
Wednesday at 6:54 pm
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Hej Dan,

Thank you for letting us know. We'll take a look at this!


Usually when you talk about a beer informally, for example ordering one in a bar or drinking one with some friends, we say "en öl". However, when it comes to writing a more formal text, the actual correct form would be "ett öl", but his is almost never used in everyday life. 😜


VickyT

Team SwedishPod101.com

Dan
Thursday at 3:48 am
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The course seems quite inconsistent with the gender of beer - sometime it refers to en öl. other times ett öl.

Swedishpod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 11:50 pm
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Hej Kay,

Menar du "Jag funderar på att gå till affären." (Do you mean "I'm thinking about going to the shop."?) :innocent:


VickyT

Team Swedishpod101.com

Kay
Sunday at 2:39 pm
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jag tänka att gå till affären för att handla bröd, skinka och kanske några gödis. Kanske även glass!

Swedishpod101.comVerified
Sunday at 9:12 pm
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Hi Vitor,

We say "en öl" (one beer), "flera öl" (several beers) and "den där ölen" (that beer).

I hope this helps! :innocent:


VickyT

Team Swedishpod101.com

Vítor Eduardo
Tuesday at 5:02 am
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Hej allihopa,


Quick question: between the dialog and the lesson notes, öl appeared as both neutrum and utrum. What is the difference between "en öl" and "ett öl"?


Tack så mycket!

SwedishPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 1:15 pm
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Hej Yolande !


Åh, det låter jättegott :innocent: :thumbsup:

Och det är väldigt bra att äta fem frukter och grönsaker varje dag! Det borde jag också börja göra :innocent:


Smårättningar!

"Jag glömt att handla lök för oxköttet jag vill bräsera med grönsaker imorgon."

Jag har glömt att handla lök till oxköttet jag vill bräsera med grönsaker imorgon


"Jag försökar att äta fem frukter och grönsaker varje dag."

Den här meningen är jättebra! Bara stavfel på "försöker" :thumbsup:


Vi ses!

Engla

Team SwedishPod101.com

Yolande Brunelle
Friday at 3:01 pm
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Hejsan Engla,

Jag glömt att handla lök för oxköttet jag vill bräsera med grönsaker imorgon.

Jag försökar att äta fem frukter och grönsaker varje dag.


Ha det bra

Vi ses

Yolande

SwedishPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 6:41 pm
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Hejsan Ruba!


Det låter jättebra!

Igen - "till exempel" är korrekt stavning :innocent:


Och jag skulle säga "tomatburkar", istället för "tomatburk".


Vad snällt av din lillebror att skaffa bröd till er!


Engla

Team SwedishPod101.com

ruba
Sunday at 9:33 pm
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Hej allihopa!


Jag handlar många frukter och grönsaker och mejerivaror varje måndag, till exemple, morot, gurka, tomat, ost, mjölk, fil....

Ibland handlar jag med min mamma och vi köper toapapper, tomatburk, och många andra saker.

Min lillebror skaffar bröd åt oss varje dag.


Tack och hälsningar!


Ruba