Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Alisha: Hi Everyone! This is Alisha, and welcome back to SwedishPod101. This is Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 18 - Make Sure to Sort Your Swedish Trash Right!
Satsuki: Hej allihopa! I’m Satsuki.
Alisha: In this lesson, you'll learn how to understand examples, as well as give them.
Alisha: The conversation takes place at Lisa’s apartment, and it’s between Lisa and her friend Anna.
Satsuki: They will be using informal Swedish because they know each other.
Alisha: Let’s listen to the conversation!

Lesson conversation

Lisa: Anna, hur sorterar man soporna här i Sverige?
Anna: I Sverige, sorterar du glas, metall och hårdplast för sig.
Lisa: Vad betyder hårdplast?
Anna: Hårdplast är en typ av plast.
Lisa: Okej?
Anna: Exempel på saker gjorda av hårdplast är ketchupflaskor och schampoflaskor.
Lisa: Jaha... då förstår jag.
English Host: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Lisa: Anna, hur sorterar man soporna här i Sverige?
Anna: I Sverige, sorterar du glas, metall och hårdplast för sig.
Lisa: Vad betyder hårdplast?
Anna: Hårdplast är en typ av plast.
Lisa: Okej?
Anna: Exempel på saker gjorda av hårdplast är ketchupflaskor och schampoflaskor.
Lisa: Jaha... då förstår jag.
English Host: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Lisa: Anna, hur sorterar man soporna här i Sverige?
Alisha: Anna, how do you sort trash here in Sweden?
Anna: I Sverige, sorterar du glas, metall och hårdplast för sig.
Alisha: In Sweden, you sort glass, metal and hard plastic separately.
Lisa: Vad betyder hårdplast?
Alisha: What does hard plastic mean?
Anna: Hårdplast är en typ av plast.
Alisha: Hard plastic is a type of plastic.
Lisa: Okej?
Alisha: Okay...?
Anna: Exempel på saker gjorda av hårdplast är ketchupflaskor och schampoflaskor.
Alisha: Examples of things made out of hard plastic are ketchup bottles and shampoo bottles.
Lisa: Jaha... då förstår jag.
Alisha: I see...now I understand.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Alisha: Tell me Satsuki, are Swedes good at sorting their garbage?
Satsuki: I’d say that we are pretty good at it. Swedes like to think of themselves as very environmentally-friendly and aware.
Alisha: Really! Well, I guess sorting your garbage is a must if you care about the environment!
Satsuki: Yes, that’s right, and there are actually a lot more groups into which we sort our garbage, beyond the ones from the dialog.
Alisha: Such as?
Satsuki: We also have newspapers, food waste, paper, batteries, light bulbs, and so on. One thing that might be worth knowing, is that the way you sort your garbage depends on where you live in Sweden.
Alisha: Hmm, so how would I know?
Satsuki: You can always ask your neighbors, but you should also be able to tell from the waste collection area near you, because there are different bins for different types of garbage.
Alisha: Well, that doesn't sound too difficult. Now, let’s move onto the vocabulary.
VOCAB LIST
Alisha: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Satsuki: att sortera [natural native speed]
Alisha: to sort
Satsuki: att sortera [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki: att sortera [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki: soporna [natural native speed]
Alisha: trash
Satsuki: soporna [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki: soporna [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki: glas [natural native speed]
Alisha: glass
Satsuki: glas [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki: glas [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki: metall [natural native speed]
Alisha: metal
Satsuki: metall [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki: metall [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki: hårdplast [natural native speed]
Alisha: hard plastic
Satsuki: hårdplast [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki: hårdplast [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki: exempel på [natural native speed]
Alisha: example of
Satsuki: exempel på [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki: exempel på [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki: saker [natural native speed]
Alisha: things
Satsuki: saker [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki: saker [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki: gjorda av [natural native speed]
Alisha: made out of
Satsuki: gjorda av [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki: gjorda av [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki: ketchupflaskor [natural native speed]
Alisha: ketchup bottles
Satsuki: ketchupflaskor [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki: ketchupflaskor [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki: schampoflaskor [natural native speed]
Alisha: shampoo bottles
Satsuki: schampoflaskor [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki: schampoflaskor [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Alisha: Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Satsuki: Let’s start with the noun ‘glas’.
Alisha: Which means “glass”. What’s so special about this noun?
Satsuki: Well, it’s special because it doesn’t change its form when switched from singular to plural.
Alisha: So if you were to say “one glass, several glasses”, how would that sound?
Satsuki: ‘Ett *glas*, flera *glas*’.
Alisha: Ah, I see. Are there any other nouns in Swedish that behave like this?
Satsuki: Yes, there are a few more. And most of them are neuter nouns that end in a consonant.
Alisha: That’s good to keep in mind! Let’s move on to the next word.
Satsuki: Next, we’ll talk about words like ‘ketchupflaskor’ and ‘schampoflaskor’.
Alisha: You mean “ketchup bottles” and “shampoo bottles”?
Satsuki: Yes!
Alisha: Hmm, okay, you lost me! Why are those words interesting?
Satsuki: Well, the words in themselves are not that interesting, but they are examples of words that are created from two different words. ‘Ketchup’ and ‘flaska’ together become ‘ketcupflaska’, meaning “ketchup bottle”. And ‘schampo’ and ‘flaska’ together become ‘schampoflaska’, meaning “shampoo bottle”.
Alisha: And it’s good to know that in Swedish, as compared to English, words tend to be written together instead of apart. So, for example, the Swedish word for “police [small pause] station” is written as one.
Satsuki: Exactly, it’s written as ‘polisstation’.
Alisha: Okay, and with that, let’s move on the grammar.

Lesson focus

Alisha: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to understand examples and give them.
Satsuki: This can be a very useful skill to master when learning a new language.
Alisha: Why’s that?
Satsuki: Well, in a previous lesson, we learned how to ask about things we don't understand, right? So we also need to be able to understand when they are trying to explain to us.
Alisha: That’s a good point! Let’s start by looking at the sentence that Anna used in the dialog, when she was trying to explain what hard plastic is, by giving examples of things made out of that material. She said “Examples of things made out of hard plastics are ketchup bottles and shampoo bottles.”
Satsuki: Which was ‘exempel på saker gjorda av hårdplast är ketchupflaskor och schampoflaskor’.
Alisha: Hmm, that seems like quite a complicated sentence.
Satsuki: It might seem a bit overwhelming, but we can make it into a formula. Before we look at that, let’s practice saying this sentence. Repeat after me. ‘Exempel på saker gjorda av hårdplast är ketchupflaskor och schampoflaskor’. [pause]
Alisha: Okay, now let’s see how we can use this sentence structure to make a formula that can be used to give examples of other things.
Satsuki: Let’s start by saying: we want to keep the first part of the sentence, ‘exempel på’, meaning “example of”. Then, we want leave a space where the noun for whatever we want to give an example of, should be placed.
Alisha: Okay, and what comes after the space?
Satsuki: It’s followed by ‘är’ which means “are”, then another space, where the actual example is put.
Alisha: Where we used to have the noun “ketchup bottles”?
Satsuki: Yes! And this is followed by the conjunction ‘och’, meaning “and”, then comes another space for another example.
Alisha: Where we used to have the noun “shampoo bottles”?
Satsuki: Exactly! Altogether, the formula is ‘Exempel på’ [blank]‘är’ [blank]‘och’ [blank]. Now let’s try this formula!
Alisha: Okay! What is, “Examples of fruit are apples and bananas”?
Satsuki: We’ll need to start with the “Examples of”, ‘Exemple på’, and this is followed by the thing we want to give an example of, namely “fruit”, which is ‘frukt’. Then we need to put the word ‘är’, “are”, followed by an actual example.
Alisha: What’s the Swedish word for “apples”?
Satsuki: ‘Äpplen’. And ‘äpplen’ is followed by the conjunction ‘och’, “and”, then another example, in this cases, “bananas”, which is ‘bananer’.
Alisha: Okay, now let’s put it all together. How would you say “Examples of fruit are apples and bananas”?
Satsuki: “Exempel på frukt är äpplen och bananer”.
Alisha: Listeners, repeat after Satsuki!
Satsuki: ‘Exempel på frukt är äpplen och bananer”.
Alisah: Let’s try another one. How would I say, "Examples of weekdays are Mondays and Tuesdays."
Satsuki: “Exemple på veckodagar är måndagar och tisdagar.” Listeners repeat after me! “Exemple på veckodagar är måndagar och tisdagar.” [pause]
Alisha: Okay, that’ll do it for this lesson. Make sure you check the lesson notes, and we’ll see you again next time.
Satsuki: Yes, great work everyone! Hej då!
Alisha: Bye everyone!

5 Comments

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SwedishPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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How is recycle policy in your country?

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Team SwedishPod101.com
Tuesday at 11:25 pm
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Hej Dani,

Thank you for letting us know! I had a look at the transcript now and it looks like it's correct. Could you please let me know if there's anywhere else you see this mistake and we'll try to fix it as soon as we can. 😇


Vicky

Team SwedishPod101.com

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Dani
Friday at 2:15 pm
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hej, I Noticed a mistake in the script when we are doing examples, You wrote torsdag but translated it as tuesday, i though torsdag meant thursday.

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SwedishPod101.com
Tuesday at 5:36 pm
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Hej Yolande!


Det är bra med mig tack! Hur står det till med dig, Yolande?


Jag rättar lite! :innocent: Bara några små stavfel! Annars jättebra! :thumbsup:


"Vi har också blå soptunnar för saker som kan bli återvinna."

Vi har också bli soptunnor för saker som kan bli återvunna."


"Eller för återvinning saker???"

Eller för återvinning av saker???


"Men vi har ingen soptunnar för saker som kan bli kompost??"

Men vi har ingen soptunna för saker som kan bli kompost??"


Vi ses!

Engla

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Yolande Brunelle
Tuesday at 2:15 am
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Hej Engla,

Hur står det till?

Vi har också blå soptunnar för saker som kan bli återvinna.

Eller för återvinning saker???

Men vi har ingen soptunnar för saker som kan bli kompost??


Tack för hjälpen.

Vi ses

Yolande