Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Alisha:Hi everyone, this is Alisha:and welcome to SwedishPod101.com. This is Beginner season 1, lesson 3, Checking In to the Swedish Hotel.
Satsuki:Hej allihopa, I’m Satsuki. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to express that you have already done something, using the perfect tense.
Alisha:Lisa is checking in at a hotel in Stockholm so the conversation takes place at the reception.
Satsuki:Yes, and the conversation is between Lisa and Sara the receptionist. They don’t know each other so they will be using formal Swedish.
Alisha:Great! Let’s listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Hotell receptionist Hej och välkommen.
Lisa Hej. Jag har bokat ett rum här.
Hotell receptionist Ditt namn, tack?
Lisa Lisa. Lisa Smith.
Hotell receptionist Tack. Ja det stämmer.
Lisa När måste jag checka ut imorgon?
Hotell receptionist Du måste checka ut innan klockan 10 imorgon.
Lisa Jag förstår, tack.
Hotell receptionist Varsågod!
Alisha: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Hotell receptionist Hej och välkommen.
Lisa Hej. Jag har bokat ett rum här.
Hotell receptionist Ditt namn, tack?
Lisa Lisa. Lisa Smith.
Hotell receptionist Tack. Ja det stämmer.
Lisa När måste jag checka ut imorgon?
Hotell receptionist Du måste checka ut innan klockan 10 imorgon.
Lisa Jag förstår, tack.
Hotell receptionist Varsågod!
Alisha: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Hotel receptionist: Hi and welcome.
Lisa: Hi. I've booked a room here.
Hotel receptionist: Your name, please?
Lisa: Lisa. Lisa Smith.
Hotel receptionist: Thank you. Yes, that 's right.
Lisa: When do I need to check-out tomorrow?
Hotel receptionist: You have to check-out before 10 o'clock tomorrow.
Lisa: I see, thank you.
Hotel receptionist: You’re welcome!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Alisha:Now I actually feel a bit jealous of Lisa! I would also love to go to Stockholm!
Satsuki:Yes, Stockholm is a lovely city and I would recommend it to everyone!
Alisha:It seems like a nice place, tell us more!
Satsuki:Well, I like the fact that the city is not that big, and you can walk to most places.
Alisha:Oh okay, I see. Anything else?
Satsuki:There are a lot of things you could do! I particularly like the fact that in the summertime, you can visit some of the small islands just outside Stockholm by boat. You can enjoy the scenery and maybe try some seafood from the smokehouses there!
Alisha:Wow that sounds delicious. But let’s move on to the vocab before I get too hungry!
Satsuki:Okay, sounds good!
VOCAB LIST
Alisha:Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Satsuki:välkommen [natural native speed]
Alisha:welcome (singular)
Satsuki:välkommen [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:välkommen [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:här [natural native speed]
Alisha:here
Satsuki:här [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:här [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:ditt [natural native speed]
Alisha:your
Satsuki:ditt [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:ditt [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:namn [natural native speed]
Alisha:name
Satsuki:namn [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:namn [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:att stämma [natural native speed]
Alisha:be correct
Satsuki:att stämma [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:att stämma [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:imorgon [natural native speed]
Alisha:tomorrow
Satsuki:imorgon [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:imorgon [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:att checka ut [natural native speed]
Alisha:check out
Satsuki:att checka ut [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:att checka ut [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:måste [natural native speed]
Alisha:have to/must
Satsuki:måste [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:måste [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:förstå [natural native speed]
Alisha:understand
Satsuki:förstå [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:förstå [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:innan [natural native speed]
Alisha:before
Satsuki:innan [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:innan [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Alisha:Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Satsuki:So we will start by looking at the word ‘välkommen’, which means “welcome”.
Alisha:That’s the phrase Sara, the receptionist, uses when greeting Lisa.
Satsuki:Yes, it’s a very common way to greet people in Sweden, especially when the situation is more formal.
Alisha:It seems like a very useful and easy expression to use!
Satsuki:You’re right, but there is one thing you should know about it.
Alisha:What’s that?
Satsuki:Well, when you greet one person you always use ‘välkommen’, but if there is more than one person you always use ‘välkomna’ instead.
Alisha:Okay, I think I understand! So If Lisa had brought a friend, how would the receptionist have greeted them?
Satsuki:She would have said ‘Hej och välkomna’ instead of ‘Hej och välkommen’.
Alisha:Got it. Now, let’s look at another word that appeared in the dialog.
Satsuki:It is the word ‘innan’.
Alisha:That’s a preposition, right?
Satsuki:Yes and in the dialog, it is put in front of a specific time reference, to refer to something that will happen before a certain point in time. In this case, Lisa is told that she needs to check out before a certain time.
Alisha:Yes, the receptionist says “You have to check out before 10 o’clock tomorrow”.
Satsuki:Exactly, and in Swedish this is ‘Du måste checka ut innan klockan 10 imorgon.’
Alisha:Okay, let’s move on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Alisha:In this lesson, you will learn how to express that you have already done something, and how to form sentences in perfect tense.
Satsuki:Yes, and to do so we will take a look at the sentence where Lisa says ‘Jag har bokat ett rum här.’
Alisha:Oh, I remember that, that means “I have booked a room here” in English, right?
Satsuki:That’s right. In order to understand these kinds of sentences we need to look at the two verbs that are used here.
Alisha:Okay, one of them must be the word “booked”. What is that in Swedish?
Satsuki:“Booked” in Swedish is ‘bokat’.
Alisha:So the other verb must be the word “have” right?
Satsuki:Yes and “have” in Swedish is ‘har’ and it is an auxiliary verb. Now let’s look at the tenses of these two verbs. ‘Har’ meaning “have” is in perfect tense.
Alisha:Okay and “booked”?
Satsuki:The verb ‘bokat’ is the main verb of this sentence, since it is what the auxiliary verb ‘har’ is referring to. It therefore appears in its past participle form.
Alisha:Okay, I think I understand. So if I want to say that “I have eaten”, how would I do?
Satsuki:Well first of all, you already have the first part of the sentence since you can always use ‘har’ meaning “have” to form these kind of sentences.
Alisha:I see, so the first part of the sentence is?
Satsuki:‘Jag har’.
Alisha:And then?
Satsuki:You need to use the past participle of the verb “to eat”, which in Swedish is ‘ätit’ meaning “eaten”.
Alisha:So “I have eaten” would then become...
Satsuki:‘Jag har ätit’.
Alisha:Maybe we should let the listeners practise.
Satsuki:Ok, listeners, repeat after me!
Satsuki:Jag har ätit.
Alisha:Okay let me try another one! Now I want to say that “I have slept”. I will start by saying “I have” in Swedish right?
Satsuki:Yes that is correct! So you say ‘jag har’...
Alisha:And then I will need to put the the past particple of the verb “to sleep”.
Satsuki:Yes and “to sleep” in Swedish is ‘att sova’ and it changes to ‘sovit’.
Alisha:So “I have slept” would in Swedish be?
Satsuki:‘Jag har sovit’. Now listeners, let us repeat it one more time so you can get the hang of it! Repeat after me.
Satsuki:Jag har sovit. [pause]
Satsuki:Good work everyone! That’s it for this lesson, but please come back soon to learn more useful phrases in Swedish! Hej då.
Alisha:Don’t forget to check the lesson notes, and we’ll see you next time, bye!

46 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

SwedishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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Hi everyone,

What have you done today? Tell us in Swedish!

SwedishPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 10:44 PM
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Hej Josué,

Jaha, har du jobbat idag? Vad jobbar du med? 😄

(I see, you have worked today? What do you do?)


Vicky

Team SwedishPod101.com

Josué
Wednesday at 09:22 AM
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Jag har jobbet dag.

SwedishPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 05:59 AM
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Hej Joyce,

Vad roligt! Och jättebra skrivet. 😁👍

(How fun! And very well written.)


Vicky

Team SwedishPod101.com

Joyce
Monday at 09:02 PM
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Jag har studerat svenska idag på SwedishPod101.com!

SwedishPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 11:48 PM
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Hej Mai,

Ja, det stämmer. 😄 Men eftersom "har" räknas som ett verb (ett hjälpverb) blir meningen såhär:

(Yes, that is right. But since "har" counts as a verb (an auxiliary verb) the sentence turns out like this:)


Jag har sovit till 9 idag -> Idag har jag sovit till 9.

Jag har städat mitt rum idag. -> Idag har jag städat mitt rum.


Vicky

Team SwedishPod101.com

Mai Nguyen
Saturday at 09:36 PM
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Hej,

Jag har sovit till 9 för idag är det lördag.

Jag har städat mitt rum och ätit en trevlig lunch!


En fråga: Inverted words are still applied in perfect tense right? If so, can i say, for example: idag har sovit jag till 9?

SwedishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 05:39 PM
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Hej Rebecca,

Hade du en trevlig dag på jobbet? 😇

(Did you have a nice day at work?)


Vicky

Team SwedishPod101.com

Rebecca
Saturday at 04:39 AM
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Hej!


Jag jobbade tidigare idag och jag har precis ätit middag.

SwedishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:41 PM
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Hej Lukas,

Bra jobbat! (Good job!) 😮👍


Vicky

Team SwedishPod101.com

Lukas
Tuesday at 05:04 AM
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Idag jag arbetade lite och nästa jag kom till hem och sedan jag har ätit och nu jag studerar svenska.

😜