Dialogue

Vocabulary

Learn New Words FAST with this Lesson’s Vocab Review List

Get this lesson’s key vocab, their translations and pronunciations. Sign up for your Free Lifetime Account Now and get 7 Days of Premium Access including this feature.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Notes

Unlock In-Depth Explanations & Exclusive Takeaways with Printable Lesson Notes

Unlock Lesson Notes and Transcripts for every single lesson. Sign Up for a Free Lifetime Account and Get 7 Days of Premium Access.

Or sign up using Facebook
Already a Member?

Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Kellie: Hi everyone, and welcome back to SwedishPod101.com. This is Intermediate Season 1 Lesson 18 - Do You Know Your Swedish History? Kellie here.
Vicky: Hej! I'm Vicky.
Kellie: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about eras, decades, and centuries. The conversation takes place at home.
Vicky: It's between Annie and Kalle.
Kellie: The speakers are friends, so they’ll use informal Swedish. Okay, let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Annie: Visste du att Sveriges befolkning fram till 1950 (nittonhundrafemtio)-talet var väldigt etniskt homogen i jämförelse med andra industrialiserade länder?
Kalle: Oj! Det visste jag inte. Det är svårt att föreställa sig.
Annie: Ja, men sen under efterkrigstiden har invandringen till Sverige tydligen ökat.
Kalle: Från när räknas som efterkrigstiden?
Annie: Från slutet av 1940 (nittonhundrafyrtio)-talet tror jag. Från andra halvan av 50 (femtio)-talet och framåt var det tydligen mycket arbetskraftsinvandring till Sverige.
Kalle: Som min pappa alltså. Han kom ju till Sverige på 60 (sextio)-talet för att jobba.
Annie: Ja, just det.
Kalle: Hur vet du allt det här förresten?
Annie: Jag läser på Wikipedia såklart.
Kellie: Listen to the conversation with the English translation.
Annie: Did you know that until the 1950s Sweden's population was very ethnically homogeneous when compared to other industrialized countries?
Kalle: Wow! I didn't know that. It's hard to imagine.
Annie: Yeah, but since the postwar period, immigration to Sweden has apparently increased.
Kalle: When counts as the postwar period?
Annie: From the late 1940s I think. From the second half of the 50s and onwards there was apparently lots of labor immigration to Sweden.
Kalle: Like my dad then. He came to Sweden in the 60s to work.
Annie: Yeah, that's right
Kalle: How do you know all this by the way?
Annie: I'm reading it on Wikipedia of course.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Kellie: Vicky, I've heard that immigration in Sweden has become a very hot topic in the past few years.
Vicky: Yes. Over the past 150 years Sweden has gone from an emigration country to an immigration country. We have many refugees, especially from Syria, Afghanistan, and Somalia. The number of single children applying for asylum has gone up drastically in the last few years.
Kellie: That may be because more than 50% of the world's refugees are children under 18.
Vicky: Right. Even though Sweden has always been seen as an immigration friendly and liberal country, in the past few years opposition from a political party has led to a split in Swedish opinion when it comes to immigration. It’s a very sensitive topic today.
Kellie: I see. What’s the Swedish word for "asylum seeking refugees?"
Vicky: asylsökande flyktingar
Kellie: Okay, now onto the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Kellie: Let’s take a look at the vocabulary from this lesson. The first word is..
Vicky: etnisk [natural native speed]
Kellie: ethnic
Vicky: etnisk [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Vicky: etnisk [natural native speed]
Kellie: Next we have..
Vicky: homogen [natural native speed]
Kellie: homogeneous
Vicky: homogen [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Vicky: homogen [natural native speed]
Kellie: Next we have..
Vicky: industrialiserad [natural native speed]
Kellie: industrialized
Vicky: industrialiserad [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Vicky: industrialiserad [natural native speed]
Kellie: Next we have..
Vicky: att föreställa sig [natural native speed]
Kellie: to imagine
Vicky: att föreställa sig [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Vicky: att föreställa sig [natural native speed]
Kellie: Next we have..
Vicky: efterkrigstid [natural native speed]
Kellie: postwar period
Vicky: efterkrigstid [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Vicky: efterkrigstid [natural native speed]
Kellie: Next we have..
Vicky: invandring [natural native speed]
Kellie: immigration
Vicky: invandring [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Vicky: invandring [natural native speed]
Kellie: Next we have..
Vicky: arbetskraft [natural native speed]
Kellie: labor
Vicky: arbetskraft [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Vicky: arbetskraft [natural native speed]
Kellie: Next we have..
Vicky: befolkning [natural native speed]
Kellie: population
Vicky: befolkning [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Vicky: befolkning [natural native speed]
Kellie: And lastly..
Vicky: att räknas som [natural native speed]
Kellie: to be counted as, to qualify as
Vicky: att räknas som [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Vicky: att räknas som [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Kellie: Let's have a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first phrase is..
Vicky: att föreställa sig
Kellie: which means “to imagine.”
Vicky: att means “to”, föreställa means “imagine” and sig means “yourself.” att föreställa sig
Kellie: It means “to create a mental image” or “concept” of something, or is used when you are trying to explain an image to someone. You can use it in the same way as the English “to imagine” in both formal and informal situations.
Vicky: For example...Jag kan inte föreställa mig hur det såg ut innan städningen.
Kellie: “I can't imagine what it looked like before the clean-up.”
Vicky: Föreställ dig en stilig man med mörkt hår.
Kellie: “Imagine a handsome man with dark hair.” Okay, what's the next word?
Vicky: invandring
Kellie: which means “immigration.”
Vicky: invandring comes from the Swedish verb invandra, “to immigrate.”
Kellie: You can often find this noun in the news and in political contexts.
Vicky: For example... Invandringen är minimal i Kina
Kellie: “Immigration to China is minimal.”
Vicky: Immigrationen bidrar till ett mångkulturellt land.
Kellie: .. which means “Immigration contributes to a multi-cultural country.” Okay, what's the last phrase?
Vicky: att räknas som
Kellie: which means “to be counted as” or “to qualify as.”
Vicky: att means “to,” räknas is derived from the verb räkna, which means “count,” and som means “as.” att räknas som
Kellie: You can use it in both formal and informal situations.
Vicky: For example..Det räknas som en dubbel poäng på grund av den här regeln.
Kellie: “It counts as a double point because of this rule.”
Vicky: Det räknas inte för bollen nuddade golvet.
Kellie: .. which means “It doesn't count because the ball touched the floor.” Okay, now onto the lesson focus.

Lesson focus

Kellie: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about eras, decades, and centuries in Swedish. Ok, let's start with decades.
Vicky: “Decade” in Swedish is Årtionde. It’s a singular noun and the plural form is årtionden, meaning “decades.”
Kellie: So how can you express decades when making a sentence in Swedish?
Vicky: You just have to add -talet to any even number of ten. -talet comes from the word tal, which means “number.”
Kellie: So you don’t have to use the word “decade” itself. Can you give us some examples?
Vicky: Sure, for example, tjugo-talet
Kellie: which means “the twenties.”
Vicky: femtio-talet
Kellie: “the fifties”
Vicky: nittio-talet
Kellie: “the nineties.”
Vicky: In the dialogue, we had Han kom ju till Sverige på 60 "sextio"-talet för att jobba.
Kellie: meaning "He came to Sweden in the 60s to work."
Vicky: Here’s another example, Jag är född på 90 (nittio) -talet.
Kellie: This means “I was born in the 90s.” Ok, now let's see how to talk about centuries.
Vicky: “Century” in Swedish is Århundrade and its plural is århundraden. Just as you add -talet to the decades, you do the same with the centuries. When you read a century, you say the number without the zeroes, then add hundra, which means “hundred,” and -talet.
Kellie: So we don’t use the word “century” itself. Can you give us some examples?
Vicky: Sure. 1900-talet
Kellie: 1900s
Vicky: 1800-talet
Kellie: 1800s
Vicky: The centuries in Swedish are easy to learn up to the 1990s, but there’s been a lot of debate as to how 2000 followed by -talet is supposed to be read.
Kellie: So how should we read it?
Vicky: According to the rule above it should be read as 2000-talet (tjugohundra talet). But a lot of people just say tvåtusen talet, which is also considered correct.
Kellie: How would you say 2015 in Swedish?
Vicky: The year 2015 can be said in two ways- tjugohundrafemton. which means “twenty hundred and fifteen” and tvåtusenfemton, which you can translate as “two thousand and fifteen.”
Kellie: Which one is the most common?
Vicky: Tvåtusenfemton is probably the most common way to say the year.
Kellie: Ok, let’s wrap up this lesson by giving a couple of examples.
Vicky: Sure. Vilket årtionde har du bäst minnen ifrån pappa?
Kellie: "Which decade do you have the best memories from, dad?"
Vicky: Enligt utgångsdatumet så gick den ut 1959 (nittonhundrafemtionio).
Kellie: "According to the expiration date, it expired in 1959."

Outro

Kellie: Okay, that’s all for this lesson. Thank you for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time! Bye!
Vicky: Bye!

1 Comment

Hide
Please to leave a comment.
😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters. Got a complicated question? Try asking your teacher using My Teacher Messenger.
Sorry, please keep your comment under 800 characters.

user profile picture
SwedishPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
Your comment is awaiting moderation.

Can you write a sentence using the verb att föreställa sig?