Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Engla: Hej allihopa! I’m Engla.
Gabriella: Hi everyone, I’m Gabriella. Welcome back to SwedishPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 6 - Is Something Making You Angry in Sweden? In this lesson, you’ll learn how to express feelings.
Engla: Yes, and the conversation takes place at the Olsson family’s home.
Gabriella: It’s between Kerstin and her son Jens, and they're using informal Swedish because they're family. Okay.
DIALOGUE
Kerstin: Jens, vad har hänt? Är du ledsen?
Jens: Nej, det är inget.
Kerstin: Men jag ser ju att du är ledsen. Berätta vad som hänt.
Jens: Jag är inte ledsen. Jag är arg!
Kerstin: Arg?
Jens: Ja, jag blev inte godkänd på mitt matteprov.
Kerstin: Ah. Jag förstår. Du som pluggade så hårt.
Jens: Ja, jag är så besviken!
-With English Translation-
Kerstin: Jens, vad har hänt? Är du ledsen?
Gabriella: Jens, what has happened? Are you sad?
Jens: Nej, det är inget.
Gabriella: No, it's nothing.
Kerstin: Men jag ser ju att du är ledsen. Berätta vad som hänt.
Gabriella: But I can see that you're sad. Tell me what has happened.
Jens: Jag är inte ledsen. Jag är arg!
Gabriella: I'm not sad. I'm angry!
Kerstin: Arg?
Gabriella: Angry?
Jens: Ja, jag blev inte godkänd på mitt matteprov.
Gabriella: Yes, I didn't pass my math exam.
Kerstin: Ah. Jag förstår. Du som pluggade så hårt.
Gabriella: Ah, I see. You who studied so hard.
Jens: Ja, jag är så besviken!
Gabriella: Yes, I'm so disappointed!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Gabriella: Jens sure sounds disappointed!
Engla: He’s probably worried about his grades.
Gabriella: Speaking of which, what kind of grading system do you have in Sweden?
Engla: In Sweden, we have a long tradition of grading our students, but the age from which students have received grades, and what they've actually been graded on, has varied from time to time.
Gabriella: What do you mean?
Engla: Well, before 1962, students were not only graded based on their performance in different subjects, but also on their behavior in class.
Gabriella: I see. And how are they graded now?
Engla: Now, students only receive grades based on their performance in each subject, starting from the sixth grade.
Gabriella: And what kind of grading system is used?
Engla: There is a six-level grading system, where grades range from A to F, with A as the highest and F the lowest.
Gabriella: I see. Is this system used in Swedish high schools as well?
Engla: Yes, it was implemented quite recently.
VOCAB LIST
Gabriella: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. The first word we shall see is…
Engla: att hända [natural native speed]
Gabriella: happen
Engla: att hända [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: att hända [natural native speed]
Engla: ledsen [natural native speed]
Gabriella: sad
Engla: ledsen [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: ledsen [natural native speed]
Engla: inget [natural native speed]
Gabriella: nothing
Engla: inget [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: inget [natural native speed]
Engla: men [natural native speed]
Gabriella: but
Engla: men [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: men [natural native speed]
Engla: att berätta [natural native speed]
Gabriella: to tell
Engla: att berätta [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: att berätta [natural native speed]
Engla: arg [natural native speed]
Gabriella: angry
Engla: arg [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: arg [natural native speed]
Engla: att plugga [natural native speed]
Gabriella: to study
Engla: att plugga [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: att plugga [natural native speed]
Engla: hårt [natural native speed]
Gabriella: hard
Engla: hårt [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: hårt [natural native speed]
Engla: besviken [natural native speed]
Gabriella: disappointed
Engla: besviken [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: besviken [natural native speed]
Engla: matteprov [natural native speed]
Gabriella: math exam
Engla: matteprov [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: matteprov [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Gabriella: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word we'll look at is the Swedish word for “to study.”
Engla: Which in this lesson's dialog was translated as att plugga.
Gabriella: This is a verb that's used in more casual situations right?
Engla: Yes, and it’s used frequently in everyday conversation.
Gabriella: Is there a more formal version?
Engla: Yes, we also have the verb att studera, which means the exact same thing, but is more suitable for more formal occasions.
Gabriella: I see. What word is next?
Engla: Next we have the verb att hända.
Gabriella: And that means “to happen,” right?
Engla: Yes, that's correct.
Gabriella: But I've also heard another word that corresponds to the English “to happen.”
Engla: That’s probably the verb att ske.
Gabriella: And do they mean the exact same thing?
Engla: Yes, but att ske isn’t used as often, I would say. Actually, it sounds a bit old fashioned.
Gabriella: Okay. Now, let’s move on to the next word!
Engla: Sure! Next is men, meaning “but.”
Gabriella: However, it can also mean something completely different. It can also be a noun, and in that case the word men refers to a physical or mental injury that happened previously to someone, but they're still suffering from it. I guess it's not going to be difficult to tell these apart, since it would be quite obvious from the context in which they're used.
Engla: I think you're right, but if you ever have any doubts, know that the e is pronounced differently depending on the meaning of the word.
Gabriella: Really?
Engla: Yes, for men, as in “but,” the e is short, while the other men has a long and emphasized e.
Gabriella: Good to know! Okay, now onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Gabriella: In this lesson, you’ll learn how to express ownership.
Engla: Yes, and we’ll teach you by using the verb att vara, meaning "to be."
Gabriella: Actually, there are several examples of how feelings can be expressed with the help of this verb from this lesson’s dialog.
Engla: For example, Jens said “I’m angry.” Which was Jag är arg. The word jag corresponds to “I,” är is the present tense of the verb “to be,” and arg corresponds to the English word “angry.”
Gabriella: Let’s let our listeners practice saying that once.
Engla: Sure! Listeners, repeat after me!
Engla: Jag är arg.
Gabriella: Jens also said, “I’m so disappointed,” right?
Engla: Yes, that’s right. And that was Jag är så besviken.
Gabriella: Listeners, please repeat after Engla.
Engla: Jag är så besviken.
Gabriella: Great! Should we move on now and learn exactly how to describe our feelings?
Engla: That sounds like a good idea! We’ll actually do that by using the same sentence structure as when Jens said Jag är arg.
Gabriella: Okay, so you mean we’ll have to start the sentence with the Swedish personal pronoun for “I”?
Engla: Yes, and that’s jag.
Gabriella: And then?
Engla: Then we have the present tense of the verb att vara, which is är.
Gabriella: Finally, we need an adjective that describes the feeling we are experiencing. So here, we can use any adjective that describes the feeling we want to express?
Engla: Exactly!
Gabriella: Wow, that’s super easy! How would you say “I’m happy” then?
Engla: The Swedish adjective for “happy” is glad, so you'd say, Jag är glad. Listeners, repeat after me please. Jag är glad.
Gabriella: Oh I want to try another one. How would you say, “I’m sad”?
Engla: “Sad” in Swedish is ledsen. “I’m sad,” therefore is Jag är ledsen.
Gabriella: Listeners, repeat after Engla.
Engla: Jag är ledsen.
Gabriella: Now, let’s say I’m furious, what’s that?
Engla: Jag är förbannad. Listeners, please repeat after me! Jag är förbannad.
Gabriella: Are there any intensifiers that we could use in this type of sentence as well?
Engla: Glad you asked and yes, we can also use jätte, meaning "really", or så, meaning "so," in this type of sentence.
Gabriella: And you place them before the adjective that describes the feeling you're experiencing. So how would I say, “I’m really happy”?
Engla: Jag är jätteglad. Listeners, please repeat after me! Jag är jätteglad.
Gabriella: How about “I’m so sad”?
Engla: Then you would say, Jag är så ledsen.
Gabriella: Listeners, repeat after Engla.
Engla: Jag är så ledsen.
Gabriella: Okay, final one. How do you say, “I’m really furious”?
Engla: Jag är jätteförbannad. Listeners, repeat after me please. Jag är jätteförbannad.
Gabriella: Great! I think that’s all for now. But remember to check out the lesson notes for more information on adjectives that can be used to describe feelings, and how to talk about what someone else is feeling.
MARKETING PIECE
Engla: Listeners, ever have any Swedish language or lesson-related questions?
Gabriella: Or maybe you have some feedback for us...
Engla: Leave us a comment or ask a question on the lessons page!
Gabriella: It's super simple. Go to SwedishPod101.com...
Engla: ...click on comments,
Gabriella: ...enter your comment and name,
Engla: ...and that's it!
Gabriella: Commenting is a a great way to practice reading and writing in Swedish
Engla: It helps you learn faster.
Gabriella: And it helps us get better through your feedback.
Engla: No excuses.
Gabriella: Go to SwedishPod101.com, and comment now.
Engla: NOW!

Outro

Gabriella: Thanks for listening everyone, and we’ll see you next time!
Engla: Hej då!

11 Comments

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SwedishPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Let's practice together, how do you feel?

Swedishpod101.comVerified
Monday at 11:36 pm
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Hej Adolf,

A few corrections.

Mitt magiprov. (My magic test)

Jag kanske inte borde vara en trollkarl. (Maybe I shouldn't be a wizard.)


VickyT

Team Swedishpod101.com

Adolf
Friday at 3:49 am
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Lily: Jack, vad har hänt? Är du ledsen?:open_mouth:


Jack: Nej, det är inget...:disappointed:


Lily: Men jag ser ju att du är ledsen. Berätta vad som hänt.:flushed:


Jack: Jag är inte ledsen. Jag är arg!:unamused:


Lily: Arg?:open_mouth:


Jack: Ja, jag blev inte godkänd på min magi-prov...:disappointed:


Lily: Ah. Jag förstår. Du som pluggade så hårt.:open_mouth:


Jack: Kanske borde jag inte vill vara en trollkarl...:disappointed:


= 2016/02/26 Liten Jack vill vara en trollkarl =

Swedishpod101.comVerified
Saturday at 7:08 pm
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Hej Paska,


Din svenska är kanonbra! (Your Swedish is incredibly good!)

Jag förstod precis vad du ville säga. (I understood exactly what you wanted to say.)

Jag tycker också om sommar. (I like summer too.)

Men, du har rätt, varför förneka den globala uppvärmningen? (But, I think you are right, why deny the global warming?)


Tack för din kommentar! (Thank you for your comment.)

Ha en trevlig dag. (Have a nice day.)

VickyT

Team Swedishpod101.com

Paska
Saturday at 11:48 am
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Jag känner mig lite sjuk idag, det är väldigt soligt här i Sardinien :sweat_smile:.

Utomhus temperatur: 40°C. Jag gillar summar men ..lagom är bast, inte sant? Jag tycker det här alltför mycket :sweat_smile: ! Varför fornekar globala uppvarming? Usch XD


Ok..yet again I hope I didn't declare war on Sweden XD

What I wanted to say is:


"I feel a little bit sick today, it's waay too sunny here in Sardinia. Outside temperature: 40° C. I like summer but... lagom is best, right? I think this is too much! Why (would anyone) deny the global warming? Ykes"


Tack så mycket!


Hejdå

Paska

SwedishPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 7:48 pm
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Hej Yolande!


Åh, vad tråkigt att höra att julfirandet blev inställt! :disappointed:

Jag förstår att du blev besviken! Vilken tur att filmerna var bra i alla fall!


Jag rättar dig lite!

"Jag måste åka tåg hos min syster, men dagen förre Jul, ringde hon mig för att avbeställa Jul familjefesten, eftersom hon och sin man hade en illa influenza. Jag var jättebesviken."

Jag skulle åka tåg till min syster, men dagen före jul ringde hon mig för att ställa in julfamiljefesten, eftersom hon och hennes man hade fått influensa. Jag blev jättebesviken.


"Jag var ensam för Jul. Jag gick på bio och tittade två filmer: Exodus, Gud och Kung och

(Endurance) på franska. Jag vet inte engelska titeln, det är ngt lika Tålighet."

Jag var ensam på julen Jag gick på bio och tittade på två filmer: Exodus Gods and Kings och Endurance. Jag vet inte den engelska titeln, men nåt liknande Tålighet.


"Det var en verkligt historia av en amerikansk olympiskatlet som var krigsfånge I Japan under kriget 1938-44."

Det var en verklig historia om en amerikansk olympisk atlet som var krigsfånge i Japan under kriget 1938-1944.


"Den här man dog i 2014. Jag gillade jättemycket den."

Den här mannen dog 2014. Jag gillade den jättemycket.


Bra jobbat!

Engla

Team SwedishPod101.com

Yolande Brunelle
Saturday at 2:48 am
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Hej Engla,

Jag måste åka tåg hos min syster, men dagen förre Jul, ringde hon mig för att avbeställa Jul familjefesten, eftersom hon och sin man hade en illa influenza. Jag var jättebesviken.

Jag var ensam för Jul. Jag gick på bio och tittade två filmer: Exodus, Gud och Kung och

(Endurance) på franska. Jag vet inte engelska titeln, det är ngt lika Tålighet.

Det var en verkligt historia av en amerikansk olympiskatlet som var krigsfånge I Japan under kriget 1938-44.

Den här man dog i 2014. Jag gillade jättemycket den.

Hejdå, ha det så bra.

Yolande

SwedishPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 2:07 pm
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Hej basooom!


Vad skönt att höra! How nice to hear!


Lycka till!!

Engla

Team SwedishPod101.com

basooom
Sunday at 11:48 pm
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hej ...

mmmmm how i feel? ja. jag känner mig bättre med förstålse nu, så jag är inte besviken hhhhhh.

SwedishPod101.comVerified
Monday at 3:38 pm
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Hej Danni!


Varför är du trött? (Why are you tired?)


Great job with your sentence!


Engla

Team SwedishPod101.com

Danni
Tuesday at 2:50 pm
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Jag är verkligen trött.