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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Alisha:Hi Everyone! This is Alisha:and welcome back to SwedishPod101.com. This is Beginner season 1, lesson 20 - Where in Sweden Are You Going Skiing?
Satsuki:Hej allihopa! I’m Satsuki.
Alisha:In this lesson, you'll learn how to compare options with adjectives in their superlative form.
Satsuki:The conversation takes place at Lisa’s apartment
Alisha:And it’s between Lisa and her friend Anna. They’ll be using informal Swedish
Satsuki:Let’s listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Lisa Vad ska du göra under sportlovet?
Anna Jag ska åka skidor.
Lisa Jaså. Var?
Anna. Jag vet inte än. I Åre eller i Sälen.
Lisa Vilket är bäst?
Anna Åre har den vackraste naturen, men att åka till Sälen är det billigaste alternativet.
Lisa Det låter som ett svårt beslut.
Alisha: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Lisa Vad ska du göra under sportlovet?
Anna Jag ska åka skidor.
Lisa Jaså. Var?
Anna. Jag vet inte än. I Åre eller i Sälen.
Lisa Vilket är bäst?
Anna Åre har den vackraste naturen, men att åka till Sälen är det billigaste alternativet.
Lisa Det låter som ett svårt beslut.
Alisha: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Lisa Vad ska du göra under sportlovet?
Alisha:What are you going to do during the winter holidays?
Anna Jag ska åka skidor.
Alisha:I’m going to ski.
Lisa Jaså. Var?
Alisha:Really. Where?
Anna. Jag vet inte än. I Åre eller i Sälen.
Alisha:I don’t know yet. In Åre or Sälen.
Lisa Vilket är bäst?
Alisha:Which one is better?
Anna Åre har den vackraste naturen, men att åka till Sälen är det billigaste alternativet.
Alisha:Åre has the most beautiful nature, but going to Sälen is the cheapest option.
Lisa Det låter som ett svårt beslut.
Alisha:It sounds like a difficult decision.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Alisha:A ski trip sounds great! I didn’t know there were any good areas for skiing in Sweden!
Satsuki:Well there are some, like the places that are mentioned in the dialog, Åre and Sälen!
Alisha:Which of these do you think is better?
Satsuki:I think Åre is probably better, because the conditions for skiing and snowboarding are better. But Sälen is also a great option, because it’s only about 5 hours away from Stockholm by car.
Alisha:I see! So I guess these are the places Swedes go on their winter holidays. Satsuki, how do you say “winter holiday” in Swedish?
Satsuki:It’s ‘Sportlov’ and it translates to “sport-holiday”.
Alisha:That’s an interesting name for a holiday - what’s it for?
Satsuki:Well this was a holiday that was first introduced during the 1940s as a way to save some of the fuel that was being used to heat up schools. The focus on winter sport is something that has come gradually.
Alisha:I see, so when is this winter holiday?
Satsuki:It depends where you live in Sweden, but it’s always either February or March.
Alisha:Interesting! Okay, now it’s time for the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Alisha:Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Satsuki:under [natural native speed]
Alisha:during
Satsuki:under [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:under [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:sportlovet [natural native speed]
Alisha:winter holiday
Satsuki:sportlovet [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:sportlovet [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:att åka skidor [natural native speed]
Alisha:to ski
Satsuki:att åka skidor [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:att åka skidor [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:att veta [natural native speed]
Alisha:to know
Satsuki:att veta [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:att veta [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:alternativet [natural native speed]
Alisha:option
Satsuki:alternativet [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:alternativet [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:vacker [natural native speed]
Alisha:beautiful
Satsuki:vacker [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:vacker [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:naturen [natural native speed]
Alisha:nature
Satsuki:naturen [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:naturen [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:billig [natural native speed]
Alisha:cheap
Satsuki:billig [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:billig [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:svårt [natural native speed]
Alisha:difficult
Satsuki:svårt [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:svårt [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:beslut [natural native speed]
Alisha:decision
Satsuki:beslut [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:beslut [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Alisha:Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Satsuki:Let’s start by looking at how we say “to ski” in Swedish.
Alisha:Isn’t there just a verb that you can use?
Satsuki:Well, that’s just it. We don’t have a specific verb that corresponds to the verb “to ski”. Instead, you use the verb ‘att åka’ together with the noun ‘skidor’ which means “skis”.
Alisha:Okay, I see!
Satsuki:And bear in mind that the verb ‘att åka’ can mean different things such as “to go”, “to travel” or “to drive”.
Alisha:Hmm, it sounds like it can be used for any kind of movement.
Satsuki:Yes, it’s a very versatile verb, but it can only be used when we’re talking about using some sort of transportation.
Alisha:Okay, got it. So we can’t use it when we’re talking about going somewhere on foot?
Satsuki:Exactly!
Alisha:Okay, so what else do we have?
Satsuki:Let’s spend some time on the ‘lov’ in ‘sportlov.
Alisha:And what does that mean?
Satsuki:The word ‘lov’ means “holiday”, and it’s only used to talk about the holidays that students get from school.
Alisha:Okay. Is there another word for the type of vacation people get from work?
Satsuki:Yes, in that case, you use the word ‘semester’.
Alisha:Ok, so remember there’s a difference, listeners! Now let’s move on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Alisha:In this lesson, you’ll learn how to compare options with adjectives in their superlative form. In previous lessons, we’ve learned how to change adjectives that conjugate regularly into their comparative and superlative form. So Satsuki, what’s new in this lesson?
Satsuki:Well, in this lesson we’ll continue to look at superlative adjectives, since they take an ending in their definite form. And this should not be that difficult, because we’ve already learned how to make those changes to adjectives, like you said.
Alisha:Hmm, I remember how to change adjectives into their comparative form, but I must admit that I’ve forgotten how to change them into their superlative form.
Satsuki:Okay, don't worry. Let’s go through it one more time, to refresh our memory.
Alisha:Great!
Satsuki:For adjectives that have regular conjugation, such as ‘billig’ - “cheap” - you simply add ‘–ast’ [a-s-t] to the ending to make it into its superlative form.
Alisha:So “cheapest” would be?
Satsuki:‘Billigast’.
Alisha:That was easy!
Satsuki:Yes, but of course there are some exceptions.
Alisha:There always are! Tell me about them!
Satsuki:Okay! For those adjectives that have regular conjugation and end in ‘-er’, ‘-el’ or ‘–en’, the ‘–e’ before the ‘–r’, ‘-l’ or ‘–n’ is dropped before the ending ‘–ast’ is added.
Alisha:Do you have any examples?
Satsuki:Yes, the adjective ‘vacker’ - “beautiful” - that appears in the dialog, is an example of an adjective that end in ‘–er’.
Alisha:And how does it change to its superlative form?
Satsuki:You need to drop the ‘–e’ before the ‘–r’ and then add the ending ‘–ast’. So ‘vacker’ becomes ‘vackrast’ - most beautiful.
Alisha:Great! Now let’s move on to look at the ending that superlative adjectives take in their definite form. Let’s talk about one of Anna’s sentences from the dialog, which had two superlative adjectives in their definite form.
Satsuki:It’s when Anna says, "Åre has the most beautiful scenery, but going to Sälen is the cheapest option." In Swedish, that was ‘Åre har den vackraste naturen, men att åka till Sälen är det billigaste alternativet’.
Alisha:Hmm, the superlative adjectives in this sentence sound a bit different.
Satsuki:That’s right, and it’s because they’re in their definite forms, and have taken an ending.
Alisha:Okay, I think you need to explain that a bit more.
Satsuki:Of course! We’ve talked about the superlative adjectives ‘vackrast’ - “most beautiful” - and ‘billigast’ - “cheapest”, right?
Alisha:I remember.
Satsuki:So, to change these superlative adjectives into their definite form, we need to add an ending.
Alisha:Okay.
Satsuki:For superlative adjectives like ‘vackrast’ and ‘billigast’, which end in ‘–ast’, you simply add the ending ‘–e’. So they become ‘vackraste’ and ‘billigaste’.
Alisha:That was easy, but do you have any other examples of sentences with superlative adjectives in their definite form? What about if we want so say “the fastest train” in Swedish.
Satsuki:Well, “train” is ‘Tåg’.
Alisha:And how do you say “fastest” in Swedish?
Satsuki:‘Snabbast’, but we need to add the ending ‘–e’ to change it to its definite form.
Alisha:So “the fastest train” in Swedish is?
Satsuki:‘Det snabbaste tåget’.
Alisha:Let gets our listeners to practice this!
Satsuki:Great idea! Listeners, repeat after me!
Satsuki:‘Det snabbaste tåget’.[pause]
Alisha:Ok, but there’s more to talk about here, because there’s an exception to this rule. You don't always add the ending ‘–e’ to make the superlative into its definite form.
Satsuki:Yes, that's right! If the superlative adjective ends in ‘–st’, which is common with some of the adjectives that are irregular like ‘störst’ meaning “biggest” and ‘bäst’ meaning “best”, they take the ending ‘–a’ when we change them into their definite form.
Alisha:Okay, let’s put one of those examples into a sentence. How would you say, “The biggest woman”?
Satsuki:The Swedish word for “woman” is ‘kvinnan’, and the superlative adjective “biggest” is ‘störrst’, but we need to add the ending ‘–a’.
Alisah So, “the biggest woman” is?
Satsuki:‘Den största kvinnan’. Now listeners repeat after me! ‘Den största kvinnan’. [pause]
Alisha:Okay, got it. And that’s all for this lesson, but make sure to check the lesson notes, and we’ll see you next time.
Satsuki:Yes, great work everyone! Hej då!
Alisha:Bye!

11 Comments

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SwedishPod101.com
Thursday at 6:30 pm
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What sports do you think Swedish people are good at?

Team SwedishPod101.com
Monday at 6:37 pm
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Hej Camellia,

Yes, you are right, we would say "det längsta barnet" since "barn" (child) is a neuter noun. 👍


Vicky

Team SwedishPod101.com

Camellia
Friday at 6:47 pm
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Hello, I am wondered if "den längsta barnet" should be "det längsta barnet". I mean to use det instead of den as barn is a ett word. no?


thanks,

Camellia

SwedishPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 2:02 pm
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Hej Yolande!


Vilken rolig fråga! :smile:

Det är absolut möjligt att simma i både Stockholms skärgård och Bottniska viken!

I Stockholms skärgård kan vattentemperaturen bli ganska hög, men i Bottniska viken tror jag att det är ganska kallt :innocent:


Du behöver ändra ordföljden lite!

"I “Män som hatar kvinnor” Lisbeth och Mikael simmar där. "

I "Män som hatar kvinnor" simmar Lisbeth och Mikael där.


och

"Är vattentemperature ganska varmt?"

Är vattentemperaturen ganska varm?


Ha det bra!

Engla

Team SwedishPod101.com

Yolande Brunelle
Sunday at 2:07 am
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Hej Engla,

Är det möjligt att simma i Stockholm skärgård och i Botnia viken?

I "Män som hatar kvinnor" Lisbeth och Mikael simmar där. Är vattentemperature ganska varmt?


Tack för information.

Hejdå

Yolande

SwedishPod101.comVerified
Monday at 3:53 pm
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Hej Toltan!


Tack själv :smile:


Ha en bra dag!


Engla

Team SwedishPod101.com

Toltan
Wednesday at 11:31 pm
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Tack så mycket Engla..

Hej då


T:smile:olga

SwedishPod101.comVerified
Monday at 4:24 pm
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Hej Toltan!


Wow, du kan mycket om sport!

Jag håller med, Sverige har många bra atleter inom vintersport!

Inom fotboll, förutom Zlatan, har vi haft Fredrik Ljungberg och Henrik Larsson, som har varit väldigt kända!

Dock, exakt som du säger, är det svenska laget inte så bra! Haha!


Let me help you with some sport names!

Winter sport - vintersport

Football (soccer) - fotboll

Basketball - basketboll

Volleyball - volleyboll


Lycka till med dina svenskastudier! Good luck!


Engla

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Toltan
Friday at 1:19 am
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Jag tror att svensk gillar göra sports och det är en normal aktivite i deras liven. Men om vi jamför svenska med andra nationer ser jag att svensk är lyckad på wintersportar i gemen. För exempel, hockey, skidor, curling etc. Men jag kan inte säga att det är riktig för andra sportar särskilt popularsportar. För exempel, jag kan inte rakna enkelt många lyckad svensk i fotbal (okej, utom Zlatan Ibrahimovic, vem är en exception:smile:. Ibland svensk nationell team kunde få bra resultat men jag tror att det är tillfalligt och inte permanent. Situationen i basketbal och voleybal är dramatisk, också på tennis. Jag är inte en stor sportsfan och kan jag enkelt ändra mina ideer om någon kan presenterar bra bevis. :smile:

SwedishPod101.comVerified
Monday at 2:18 pm
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Hello Evan,


Thank you for your comment!

As I can see you are a big sports fan. :wink:

What is your favorite sport?

Swedish answer, please!:wink:

Please stay tuned! Every week we have new lessons for you!


Have a nice day!


Gergő

Team SwedishPod101.com

Evan T.
Saturday at 8:40 pm
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Ice hockey is the first one that comes to mind. As an American, I'll never forget how devastating Peter Forsberg was in his prime. The fact that I got to see him play in person is a privilege. I also believe Swedes are good at skiing, along with other winter sports.


I also think Swedes are pretty good at soccer. When the USA hosted the World Cup, Sweden greatly impressed me. They pulled off a third-place finish that year. I also remembered one time that England can't seem to ever beat Sweden -- then I looked it up and found that since the late 60s, England has only beaten Sweden once.