Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Alisha:Hi Everyone! I’m Alisha, and welcome to SwedishPod101.com. This is Beginner season 1, lesson 23 - Celebrating New Year’s Eve in Sweden.
Satsuki:Hej allihopa! I’m Satsuki
Alisha:In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about how often or seldom we do something.
Satsuki:The conversation takes place at Lisa’s apartment, and it’s between Lisa and her friend Anna.
Alisha:They’ll be using informal Swedish since they know each other.
Satsuki:Let’s listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Lisa Anna, hur firar du nyårafton?
Anna Jag firar alltid nyårsafton med mina vänner.
Lisa Jaså.
Anna Vi firar ofta hemma hos någon, men ibland går vi ut.
Lisa Jaha. Vad gör ni då?
Anna Vi äter alltid middag tillsammans. Efteråt dricker vi alltid Champagne och tittar på fyverkerierna.
Alisha: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Lisa Anna, hur firar du nyårafton?
Anna Jag firar alltid nyårsafton med mina vänner.
Lisa Jaså.
Anna Vi firar ofta hemma hos någon, men ibland går vi ut.
Lisa Jaha. Vad gör ni då?
Anna Vi äter alltid middag tillsammans. Efteråt dricker vi alltid Champagne och tittar på fyverkerierna.
Alisha: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Lisa Anna, hur firar du nyårafton?
Alisha:Anna, how do you celebrate New Year’s Eve?
Anna Jag firar alltid nyårsafton med mina vänner.
Alisha:I always celebrate New Year’s Eve together with my friends.
Lisa Jaså.
Alisha:Really?
Anna Vi firar ofta hemma hos någon, men ibland går vi ut.
Alisha:We often celebrate at someone’s place, but sometimes we go out.
Lisa Jaha. Vad gör ni då?
Alisha:I see. So what do you do?
Anna Vi äter alltid middag tillsammans. Efteråt dricker vi alltid Champagne och tittar på fyverkerierna.
Alisha:We always eat dinner together. Afterwards we always drink champagne and watch the fireworks.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Alisha:It sounds like Anna has fun new years’ celebrations with her friends! Is it common for Swedes to ring in the new year with friends rather than with family?
Satsuki:Yes, I would say that celebrating with friends is more common, especially for teenagers and younger adults.
Alisha:Anna mentioned that there is usually some kind of dinner - is there a typical new years eve dish?
Satsuki:Not really. Most people eat a nice meal, but I wouldn't say that there’s a standard dish that people always eat, like on Christmas Eve.
Alisha:Drinking champagne and watching the fireworks sounds like the nicest part of celebrating New Years Eve in Sweden!
Satsuki:Yes, I guess you could say that’s the focus of new year’s eve celebrations in Sweden.
Alisha:Sounds good! Now let’s move on to the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Alisha:Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Satsuki:Nyårsafton [natural native speed]
Alisha:New Year's Eve
Satsuki:Nyårsafton [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:Nyårsafton [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:alltid [natural native speed]
Alisha:always
Satsuki:alltid [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:alltid [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:ofta [natural native speed]
Alisha:usually
Satsuki:ofta [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:ofta [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:hemma [natural native speed]
Alisha:home
Satsuki:hemma [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:hemma [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:hos [natural native speed]
Alisha:at/with
Satsuki:hos [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:hos [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:vänner [natural native speed]
Alisha:friends
Satsuki:vänner [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:vänner [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:ut [natural native speed]
Alisha:out
Satsuki:ut [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:ut [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:ibland [natural native speed]
Alisha:sometimes
Satsuki:ibland [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:ibland [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:efteråt [natural native speed]
Alisha:afterward
Satsuki:efteråt [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:efteråt [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:att dricka [natural native speed]
Alisha:to drink
Satsuki:att dricka [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:att dricka [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Alisha:Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Satsuki:We’ll start with the adverb ‘ut’, which means “out”.
Alisha:Okay!
Satsuki:This is often used with the verb ‘gå’, meaning “go” to say things like ‘ska vi gå ut och promenera’ - “should we go out for walk?” or ‘gå ut härifrån’ - “get out of here”.
Alisha:Okay, but in the conversation, when Anna says “sometimes we go out”, she’s not really talking about going out for a walk, is she?
Satsuki:That’s right. Anna does use the adverb ‘ut’ meaning “out” with the verb ‘gå’ - “go” - but she doesn't explicitly state where they are going.
Alisha:But she’s talking about going out to a nightclub or a bar, right?
Satsuki:Yes, she is. Swedes often say things like ‘ska vi gå ut’, “should we go out”, when they are talking about going to a nightclub or a bar.
Alisha:Got it. What’s the next word?
Satsuki:Next is the preposition ‘hos’.
Alisha:It’s the English preposition “at”, and it’s used to specify a certain place that belongs to someone, like someone’s home, house or apartment. Can it be used in any other way?
Satsuki:Yes, it can also be used to talk about a place nearby.
Alisha:I see.
Satsuki:And in that case, the preposition ‘hos’ better correspond to “with”.
Alisha:Do you have any examples?
Satsuki:Of course! In Swedish, you would use the preposition ‘hos’ in the sentence “I have been at Lisa’s place” - ‘jag har varit hos Lisa’ as well as in the sentence “stay here with me”- ‘stanna här hos mig’.
Alisha:That made it easier to understand! Now, let’s move on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Alisha:In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about how often or seldom we do things. Satsuki, where do we begin?
Satsuki:Well, to talk about how frequently something happens, we need to look at the time adverbs from the dialogue.
Alisha:Are you talking about “sometimes”, “usually” and “always”?
Satsuki:Yes! “Sometimes” is ‘ibland’, “usually” is ‘ofta’ and “always” is ‘alltid’. Listeners, repeat after me.
Satsuki:‘ibland’, ‘ofta’ and ‘alltid’.
Alisha:Okay so now that we know these time adverbs, what do we do with them?
Satsuki:We will now learn how to use them, or more precisely, where to put them in a sentence.
Alisha:Okay. Where do they go?
Satsuki:Well, that depends on the clause that we want to place the time adverb in.
Alisha:A clause can be a sentence or just part of a sentence.
Satsuki:For example, ‘jag har ätit pannkakor’, “I have eaten pancakes” is both a sentence and a clause. ‘hon pluggar och han städar’ meaning “she is studying and he is cleaning” is also a sentence, but it consists of two clauses.
Alisha:What were the clauses?
Satsuki:‘hon pluggar’, “she is studying”, is a clause and ‘och han städar’, “and he is cleaning”, is also a clause.
Alisha:Now I understand!
Satsuki:Great! There are two types of clauses, main clauses and subordinate clauses.
Alisha:The difference is that main clauses can stand on their own, while subordinate clauses always appear with a main clause in a sentence. While this is a bit tricky to get your head around, the good news is that in this lesson, we are only going to learn where we should place time adverbs in main clauses. We can leave the subordinate clauses for another time.
Satsuki:That’s right. So for main clauses that start with a subject, the time adverb is placed after the first verb of the sentence.
Alisha:Give us an example, please.
Satsuki:Okay. In the dialogue, Anna said, "I always celebrate new years eve with my friends”. This was ‘Jag firar alltid nyårsafton med mina vänner’. Here, the time adverb ‘alltid’, “always”, is placed after the verb ‘firar’ which means “celebrate”, and is the first and only verb in the sentence.
Alisha:Let’s have the listeners practice that sentence.
Satsuki:Listeners repeat after me! ‘Jag firar alltid nyårsafton med mina vänner’. [pause]
Alisha:The next example is when Anna said "We often celebrate at someone’s place...”
Satsuki:That was ‘Vi firar ofta hemma hos någon...’ And as you might have noticed already, the time adverb ‘ofta’, meaning “usually”, is again placed after the first verb ‘firar’, which means “celebrate”.
Alisha:Listeners, repeat after Satsuki!
Satsuki:‘Vi firar ofta hemma hos någon...’ [pause]
Alisha:Okay, we are almost done, there’s just one last thing we need to mention.
Satsuki:Yes. For the time adverbs ‘ofta’, “usually”, and ‘ibland’, “sometimes”, you also have the option to put them at the beginning of the sentence.
Alisha:But bear in mind that doing this changes the word order of a sentence, which means that subject of a sentence is placed after the verb, or the first verb of the sentence. How would that sound?
Satsuki:Well, instead of saying ‘vi firar ofta hemma hos någon’, you can instead say ‘ofta friar vi hemma hos någon’. It might seem a bit complicated, but if you want some more examples, you can take a look at the lesson notes.
Alisha:Great! I think we are done for this lesson, but we’ll see you all next time.
Satsuki:Yes, great work everyone! Hej då!
Alisha:Bye!

7 Comments

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SwedishPod101.com
Thursday at 6:30 pm
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How do you celebrate New year's day in your country?

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Team SwedishPod101.com
Wednesday at 6:43 pm
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Hej Naveen,

Jag skulle verkligen vilja besöka Indien någon gång och se någon av era högtider eller festligheter. (I would really love to visit India some day and see one of the holidays or celebrations.) 😮


VickyT

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Naveen Menon
Wednesday at 7:50 pm
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Hi,


Varifrån jag kommer ifrån, vilket är södra indien, finns det ingen speciell sak som vi gör för att fira och så är fallet med hela Indien - mer eller mindre. Sjunga, dansa, festa eller en lugn lugn tid!


Firande med vänner och champagne verkar som likheter efteråt!😉


Skål

Naveen



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SwedishPod101.com
Wednesday at 4:11 pm
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Hej Hej Yolande!


Åh, jag förstår! Är det en kristen tradition?

Ni verkar vara många i din släkt! :innocent:


Du skriver svårare och svårare meningar! Jättebra jobbat!


Jag ska rätta lite!:innocent:


"Under mina föraldrar livstid, mina gifta bröderna och systerna går till deras svärföräldrar med barn på jul."

Under mina föräldrars livstid, gick mina gifta bröder och systrar med barn hem till sina svärföräldrar på jul.


"Och de kom hemma hos fadershuset på nyårsafton eller nyårsdagen."

Och de var hemma i föräldrahemmet på nyårsafton eller nyårsdagen.


"Förr I tiden, bad den äldre barn fadern om att välsigna sin hela familj. Alla knäböjt framför vår far."

Förr i tiden bad de äldre barnen fadern om att välsigna hela sin familj. Alla knäböjde framför vår far.


"13 vuxna plus svägersar och svåger och ett tjugotal barnbarn."

13 vuxna plus svägerskor och svågrar och ett tjugotal barnbarn.


"Idag är det här kutym försvunnen."

Idag är den här kutymen försvunnen.


Bra jobbat! Vi ses!

Engla

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Yolande Brunelle
Tuesday at 5:18 am
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Hej Engla,

Under mina föraldrar livstid, mina gifta bröderna och systerna går till deras svärföräldrar med barn på jul.

Och de kom hemma hos fadershuset på nyårsafton eller nyårsdagen.

Förr I tiden, bad den äldre barn fadern om att välsigna sin hela familj. Alla knäböjt framför vår far.

Jag har sett det. Det var väldigt imponerande. 13 vuxna plus svägersar och svåger och ett tjugotal barnbarn.

Idag är det här kutym försvunnen.


Oj vilken svårt meningar.

Bye

Yolande

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SwedishPod101.com
Monday at 3:50 pm
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Hej Toltan!


Jag förstår!

Jag trodde att folk i Turkiet festade mycket! :smile:


Jag förstår allt du skriver, och ditt vokabulär är jättebra! Jobba på din grammatik lite bara! (I understand everything you write, and your vocabulary is great! Just work a bit on your grammar!)


If I would re-write everything in "perfect" Swedish, it would be something like:


Jag är turkisk och har bott i Turkiet i 40 år, så jag kan lätt säga att jag vet mycket om Turkiet. Hur människor firar nyårsafton beror på personens ålder, social status och inkomstnivå. Unga människor (män) går ofta på fest medan gamla människor föredrar att vistas hemma. I allmänhet hittar alla en typ av underhållning den här sista dagen på året. Det är mycket vanligt att det finns fyrverkerier i staden och vissa föredrar att titta på dem. Enligt mig är nyårsafton inte så viktig eller särskild, och beroende på omständigheterna så firar jag eller firar den inte. Jag bor i Österrike nu och situationen är nästan den samma."


As you noticed, I didn't change so much! Most of your words are absolutely correct! Just a bit of the grammar!


Lycka till!!!


Engla

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Toltan
Tuesday at 11:36 pm
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Jag är Turkisk och jag har varit i Turkiet sen 40 året, då kan jag sägä lätt att jag vet en lite Turkiet:smile: Hur människor firar nyårsafton ändra beroende på ålder, social status och inkomstnivå av personen. Unge man gå ut ofta på fest medan gamla människor föredrar vistas hemma. I gemen, alla finna en typ av underhållning i den här sista dagen av året. Det är mycket vanligt att det finns fyverkerier i stad och vissa föredrar titta det. Enligt mig, nyårsafton är inte so viktig eller särskild och beroende på situationen firar jag eller inte:thumbsup:


Jag bor i Osterrike nu och situationen är den nästan samma. .