Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Notes

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Alisha:Hi Everyone! I’m Alisha, and welcome to SwedishPod101.com. This is Beginner season 1, lesson 24 - Reflecting on Your Time in Sweden.
Satsuki:Hej allihopa! I’m Satsuki.
Alisha:In this lesson you'll learn how to talk about things that you have and haven’t learned.
Satsuki:This conversation takes place at Lisa’s apartment.
Alisha:It’s between Lisa and her friend Anna, and as usual they are using informal Swedish because they’re friends.
Satsuki:Let’s listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Anna Lisa, nu har du varit i Sverige i ett år snart.
Lisa Ja och det har varit ett fantastiskt år. Jag har lärt mig så mycket.
Anna Jaså? Vad har du lärt dig?
Lisa Jag har, till exempel, lärt mig att sortera sopor.
Anna Någoting mer?
Lisa Jag har lärt mig att göra pannkakor, men jag lärde mig aldrig att laga ärtsoppa.
Alisha: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Anna Lisa, nu har du varit i Sverige i ett år snart.
Lisa Ja och det har varit ett fantastiskt år. Jag har lärt mig så mycket.
Anna Jaså? Vad har du lärt dig?
Lisa Jag har, till exempel, lärt mig att sortera sopor.
Anna Någoting mer?
Lisa Jag har lärt mig att göra pannkakor, men jag lärde mig aldrig att laga ärtsoppa.
Alisha: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Anna Lisa, nu har du varit i Sverige i ett år snart.
Alisha:Lisa, you will have been in Sweden for a year soon.
Lisa Ja och det har varit ett fantastiskt år. Jag har lärt mig så mycket.
Alisha:Yes and it has been a fantastic year. I’ve learned so much.
Anna Jaså? Vad har du lärt dig?
Alisha:Really? What have you learned?
Lisa Jag har, till exempel, lärt mig att sortera sopor.
Alisha:I have, for example, learned how to sort garbage.
Anna Någoting mer?
Alisha:Anything else?
Lisa Jag har lärt mig att göra pannkakor, men jag lärde mig aldrig att laga ärtsoppa.
Alisha:I’ve learned how to make pancakes, but I never learned how to cook pea soup.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Alisha:I wish I knew how to make Swedish pancakes!
Satsuki:I can teach you, it’s really not that difficult!
Alisha:Actually, to be honest, I don't really want to learn how to make them, I just want to eat them! Can't you just buy them in the store?
Satsuki:You probably can, but I think most Swedes would make them by themselves.
Alisha:Why is that?
Satsuki:Well, Swedes usually pride themselves on making things from scratch, so I think many would be embarrassed if they went to the store to buy pre-made pancakes.
Alisha:I see! So what other kinds of things do Swedes like to make from scratch?
Satsuki:Don't get me wrong, we don't make everything from scratch, but it’s not uncommon for Swedes to make their own jam from fruit they grow in their yards.
Alisha:Do you do things like bake your own bread as well?
Satsuki:Not always, but that has actually become very popular in the last couple of years. In fact, it seems especially popular to make sourdough bread for some reason!
Alisha:Probably because it’s so tasty! Okay, now let’s move on to the vocab.
VOCAB LIST
Alisha:Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Satsuki:nu [natural native speed]
Alisha:now
Satsuki:nu [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:nu [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:att lära sig [natural native speed]
Alisha:to learn/teach oneself
Satsuki:att lära sig [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:att lära sig [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:någonting [natural native speed]
Alisha:anything
Satsuki:någonting [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:någonting [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:att vara [natural native speed]
Alisha:to be
Satsuki:att vara [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:att vara [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:år [natural native speed]
Alisha:year
Satsuki:år [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:år [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:fantastiskt [natural native speed]
Alisha:fantastic
Satsuki:fantastiskt [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:fantastiskt [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:snart [natural native speed]
Alisha:soon
Satsuki:snart [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:snart [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:mycket [natural native speed]
Alisha:a lot
Satsuki:mycket [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:mycket [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:mer [natural native speed]
Alisha:more
Satsuki:mer [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:mer [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:till exemple [natural native speed]
Alisha:for example
Satsuki:till exemple [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:till exemple [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Alisha:Let's have a closer look at the usuage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Satsuki:We’ll start with the adverb ‘till exempel’, which means “for example”.
Alisha:Okay!
Satsuki:In a recent lesson, we learned where you should place time adverbs like ‘ibland’, meaning “sometimes”, and ‘ofta’, “usually”.
Alisha:Yes, I remember that. You are supposed to place them after the first verb in the sentence, if the sentence started with a subject, right?
Satsuki:That’s right! And the adverb ‘till exempel’ can be used in the same way.
Alisha:Does that also mean we could place the adverb “for example” at the beginning of a sentence?
Satsuki:Yes, but then you need to remember to change the word order.
Alisha:So first you have the adverb, then the verb, and then the subject, right? Satsuki, can you give us an example?
Satsuki:Let’s look at one of the sentences from the dialogue. It’s the one where Lisa says, “I have, for example learned how to sort garbage” which was ‘Jag har, till exempel, lärt mig att sortera sopor’.
Alisha:And this is an example of a sentence that starts with a subject, and where the adverb is placed after the first verb.
Satsuki:Yes, but we can also put the adverb at the beginning of the sentence, but that would change the word order.
Alisha:And how would that sound?
Satsuki:‘till exempel har jag lärt mig att sortera sopor’.
Alisha:Okay! What’s next?
Satsuki:I also want to talk about the reflexive verb ‘att lära sig’.
Alisha:And what does that mean?
Satsuki:Well that's just it - it doesn’t really have a English counterpart but it’s best understood as “learn or teach oneself”.
Alisha:Okay. Now let’s move on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Alisha:In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about things that we have learned and things that we haven’t learned.
Satsuki:Yes and that means we have to review 2 different tenses.
Alisha:What are the tenses we’re going to use?
Satsuki:The perfect and the preterit tense, which are two tenses that we have already learned.
Alisha:Couldn't we just use preterit tense to talk about things we have and haven’t learned?
Satsuki:Technically we could do that, but it’s much better to use the perfect tense when we want to talk about things we’ve learned. That’s because it emphasizes that we’ve completed something, that we have completed the task of learning something.
Alisha:Okay, I understand! Let’s start by reviewing the perfect tense sentences.
Satsuki:It’s quite easy! In Swedish, perfect tense sentences always use the auxiliary verb ‘har’, meaning “have”, together with a main verb in its supine form.
Alisha:Now I remember! Okay, so since we’re talking about how to say we’ve learned something, I guess we should use the reflexive verb we talked about before?
Satsuki:That’s right! We need to use ‘att lära mig’ which means “to learn or teach oneself”.
Alisha:But we need to change that into its supine form, right?
Satsuki:Yes and ‘att lära mig’ in its supine form is ‘lärt mig’.
Alisha:How would I say “I have learned” in Swedish?
Satsuki:‘Jag har lärt mig’. Listeners, repeat after me!
Satsuki:‘Jag har lärt mig’.
Alisah Okay, but we also need a verb that specifies what it is that we have learned, and this verb should be in its infinitive form. Satsuki, do you have an example?
Satsuki:Of course. Let’s look at one of the sentences from the dialog. It was when Lisa said “I have learned how to make pancakes”, which was ‘jag har lärt mig att göra pankakor’.
Alisha:Let’s practice that sentence!
Satsuki:Sure! Listeners, repeat after me! ‘Jag har lärt mig att göra pankakor’. [pause]
Alisha:Okay, now, let’s move on to the sentences that used preterit tense. Remember, to form the preterit tense, we need to put our main verb into its preterit form. Satsuki, we’re using the same main verb as before, right?
Satsuki:Yes, we’re using ‘att lära mig’, which in its preterit form is ‘lärde mig’.
Alisha:But we need to make this a negative statement, since we only use this tense to talk about things that we didn't learn, right?
Satsuki:Exactly!
Alisha:So how would you say “I never learned”?
Satsuki:‘Jag lärde mig aldrig’. Listeners, repeat after me!
Satsuki:‘Jag lärde mig aldrig’. [pause]
Alisha:But here, we need a verb that describes what we never learned. And it should be in its infinitive form. Satsuki, do you have an example of a sentence that follows this structure?
Satsuki:Let’s talk about when Lisa said “I never learned how to make pea soup”. It was ‘jag lärde mig aldrig att laga ärtsopa’.
Alisah Great! Let’s practice that one!
Satsuki:Listeners, repeat after me!
Satsuki:‘Jag lärde mig aldrig att laga ärtsopa’. [pause]
Alisha:Okay, I think that will do it for this lesson, but make sure you check the lesson notes, and we’ll see you next time.
Satsuki:Yes, great work everyone! Hej då!
Alisha:Bye!

18 Comments

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SwedishPod101.comVerified
Thursday at 6:30 pm
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What have you learned so far witih SwedishPod101.com?

Team SwedishPod101.com
Monday at 10:56 pm
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Hej Monica,

Vad roligt! Kämpa på! (That's great! Keep fighting!) ?


VickyT

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Monica
Tuesday at 5:21 am
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jag kan prata svenska lite nu!? Tack så mycket! ❤️️

SwedishPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 4:15 pm
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Hej Yolande!


Haha, ja, du har lärt dig jättemycket! Du blir bättre och bättre på svenska varje dag! Jag är stolt över dig! :innocent:


Jag ska rätta dina meningar lite lite.

"Till exempel, jag har lärt mig att boka ett hotellrum, att fråga var ligger hotell,"

Till exempel har jag lärt mig att boka ett hotellrum, att fråga om var hotellet ligger,


"om man måste ge en present, när man får en inbjudande, att beställa in en restaurang och så vidare."

om man måste ge en present, när man får en inbjudan, att beställa på en restaurang och så vidare.


"Jag har lärt mig många prepositioner och interjektioner och många andra nyttigt ord för uttrycka sig på svenska."

Ändra "nyttigt" till "nyttiga", och "sig" till "mig".


Jag hoppas du kommer fortsätta trivas med oss!

Engla

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Yolande Brunelle
Wednesday at 5:13 am
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Hej Engla,

Jag har lärt mig mycket på svenska. Till exempel, jag har lärt mig att boka ett hotellrum, att fråga var ligger hotell,

om man måste ge en present, när man får en inbjudande, att beställa in en restaurang och så vidare.

Jag har lärt mig många prepositioner och interjektioner och många andra nyttigt ord för uttrycka sig på svenska.

Nybörjarnivån var väldig intressant och nyttig. Jag gillar er metod.

Tack så mycket.

Hälsningar

Yolande

SwedishPod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 6:27 pm
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Hej Josh!


You're right! It has to do with the "nästa gång"!

The word order becomes reversed when we use a time word in the begining of the sentence! The "nästa gång" becomes the main, while "ska jag läsa mer noggrant" becomes the subordinate clause.

You can also say "Jag kommer att läsa mer noggrant nästa gång", and it still has the same meaning!

You can not say “Jag nästa gång kommer att läsa mer noggrant”


“Jag nästa gång ska läsa mer noggrant” is also incorrect. You could say either "Jag ska läsa mer noggrant nästa gång" or "Nästa gång ska jag läsa mer noggrant".


I hope you understood what I was trying to explain :smile:

Om du har fler frågor, fråga!


Engla

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Josh
Friday at 2:24 pm
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Not sure how late I am to these comments, but after reviewing them I have a question.


Why was it correct for Gary to place "kommer" before the subject "jag" in the sentence

"Nästa gång, kommer jag att läsa mer noggran"?


Does it have to do with "nästa gång" beginning the sentence?


In other words, could the sentence be rephrased to "Jag nästa gång kommer att läsa mer noggran"?


Also, if I can just load the questions up, could you also say "Jag nästa gång ska läsa mer noggran"? If so, how does the change affect the overall phrasing/connotation?


Tack så mycket och fförlåt mig för alla frågor!

SwedishPod101.comVerified
Friday at 6:27 pm
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Hej Victor!


Wow, it seems like the next trip could become a very pleasant experience!

It's too bad that you are a vegetarian, since August is the crayfish season in Sweden! Crayfish parties are always fun to join, but I guess you could join anyways, without eating crayfish! :smile:


Also, the Northern lights are very beautiful, and I really hope you get to see it!! It's a very powerful experience when the sky lights up.


Ha en underbar helg!


Engla

Team SwedishPod101.com

Victor Ochoa
Friday at 10:03 pm
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Hej Engla!

Thank you so very much. It was a very pleasant experience, and I am committed to returning to Sweden next summer instead of being swayed by my Londoner friends to return there. I shall be flying on SAS instead of Lufthansa so that I might support Sweden, and get stamps from Sweden on my passport instead of from Frankfurt, Germany: through a Lufthansa flight. I am vacillating between returning to Stockholm for a much more focused look, and a well-prepared boat ride to the archipelago and even the Baltic Sea. Another part of me wants to take an SAS flight to Kiruna, to take in the sights and smells and sounds of the nature of Norrland, though I won't be having any reindeer for meals as I'm a vegetarian. I wish to go west to Kebnekaise peak, visit the national parks northward, or even get as far as the Kungsleden Trail. If I do this, for northward, that is, I shall definitely take in the Northern Lights, as I've never experienced this phenomenon before. I'm looking forward to speaking much better Swedish to the inhabitants of beautiful Sverige! Tack!!

Sincerely,

Vic

SwedishPod101.comVerified
Friday at 9:24 pm
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Hej Victor!


Thank you so much for your lovely story!

As a Swede, I feel super happy and thankful that you enjoyed your visit! And thank you for sharing your experience!


I hope your next visit will be even lovlier!


Vi ses!


Engla

Team SwedishPod101.com

Victor Ochoa
Tuesday at 10:26 pm
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Oops, in lines 1-2, I meant to write "Swedish to people:" left out the "to" Sorry. Proceed.