Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Alisha:Hi everyone, this is Alisha:and welcome to SwedishPod101.com. This is Beginner season 1, lesson 3, Checking In to the Swedish Hotel.
Satsuki:Hej allihopa, I’m Satsuki. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to express that you have already done something, using the perfect tense.
Alisha:Lisa is checking in at a hotel in Stockholm so the conversation takes place at the reception.
Satsuki:Yes, and the conversation is between Lisa and Sara the receptionist. They don’t know each other so they will be using formal Swedish.
Alisha:Great! Let’s listen to the conversation.

Lesson conversation

Hotell receptionist Hej och välkommen.
Lisa Hej. Jag har bokat ett rum här.
Hotell receptionist Ditt namn, tack?
Lisa Lisa. Lisa Smith.
Hotell receptionist Tack. Ja det stämmer.
Lisa När måste jag checka ut imorgon?
Hotell receptionist Du måste checka ut innan klockan 10 imorgon.
Lisa Jag förstår, tack.
Hotell receptionist Varsågod!
Alisha: Let’s hear the conversation one time slowly.
Hotell receptionist Hej och välkommen.
Lisa Hej. Jag har bokat ett rum här.
Hotell receptionist Ditt namn, tack?
Lisa Lisa. Lisa Smith.
Hotell receptionist Tack. Ja det stämmer.
Lisa När måste jag checka ut imorgon?
Hotell receptionist Du måste checka ut innan klockan 10 imorgon.
Lisa Jag förstår, tack.
Hotell receptionist Varsågod!
Alisha: Now let’s hear it with the English translation.
Hotel receptionist: Hi and welcome.
Lisa: Hi. I've booked a room here.
Hotel receptionist: Your name, please?
Lisa: Lisa. Lisa Smith.
Hotel receptionist: Thank you. Yes, that 's right.
Lisa: When do I need to check-out tomorrow?
Hotel receptionist: You have to check-out before 10 o'clock tomorrow.
Lisa: I see, thank you.
Hotel receptionist: You’re welcome!
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Alisha:Now I actually feel a bit jealous of Lisa! I would also love to go to Stockholm!
Satsuki:Yes, Stockholm is a lovely city and I would recommend it to everyone!
Alisha:It seems like a nice place, tell us more!
Satsuki:Well, I like the fact that the city is not that big, and you can walk to most places.
Alisha:Oh okay, I see. Anything else?
Satsuki:There are a lot of things you could do! I particularly like the fact that in the summertime, you can visit some of the small islands just outside Stockholm by boat. You can enjoy the scenery and maybe try some seafood from the smokehouses there!
Alisha:Wow that sounds delicious. But let’s move on to the vocab before I get too hungry!
Satsuki:Okay, sounds good!
VOCAB LIST
Alisha:Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson.
The first word we shall see is:
Satsuki:välkommen [natural native speed]
Alisha:welcome (singular)
Satsuki:välkommen [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:välkommen [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:här [natural native speed]
Alisha:here
Satsuki:här [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:här [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:ditt [natural native speed]
Alisha:your
Satsuki:ditt [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:ditt [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:namn [natural native speed]
Alisha:name
Satsuki:namn [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:namn [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:att stämma [natural native speed]
Alisha:be correct
Satsuki:att stämma [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:att stämma [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:imorgon [natural native speed]
Alisha:tomorrow
Satsuki:imorgon [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:imorgon [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:att checka ut [natural native speed]
Alisha:check out
Satsuki:att checka ut [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:att checka ut [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:måste [natural native speed]
Alisha:have to/must
Satsuki:måste [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:måste [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:förstå [natural native speed]
Alisha:understand
Satsuki:förstå [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:förstå [natural native speed]
Next:
Satsuki:innan [natural native speed]
Alisha:before
Satsuki:innan [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Satsuki:innan [natural native speed]
KEY VOCABULARY AND PHRASES
Alisha:Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Satsuki:So we will start by looking at the word ‘välkommen’, which means “welcome”.
Alisha:That’s the phrase Sara, the receptionist, uses when greeting Lisa.
Satsuki:Yes, it’s a very common way to greet people in Sweden, especially when the situation is more formal.
Alisha:It seems like a very useful and easy expression to use!
Satsuki:You’re right, but there is one thing you should know about it.
Alisha:What’s that?
Satsuki:Well, when you greet one person you always use ‘välkommen’, but if there is more than one person you always use ‘välkomna’ instead.
Alisha:Okay, I think I understand! So If Lisa had brought a friend, how would the receptionist have greeted them?
Satsuki:She would have said ‘Hej och välkomna’ instead of ‘Hej och välkommen’.
Alisha:Got it. Now, let’s look at another word that appeared in the dialog.
Satsuki:It is the word ‘innan’.
Alisha:That’s a preposition, right?
Satsuki:Yes and in the dialog, it is put in front of a specific time reference, to refer to something that will happen before a certain point in time. In this case, Lisa is told that she needs to check out before a certain time.
Alisha:Yes, the receptionist says “You have to check out before 10 o’clock tomorrow”.
Satsuki:Exactly, and in Swedish this is ‘Du måste checka ut innan klockan 10 imorgon.’
Alisha:Okay, let’s move on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Alisha:In this lesson, you will learn how to express that you have already done something, and how to form sentences in perfect tense.
Satsuki:Yes, and to do so we will take a look at the sentence where Lisa says ‘Jag har bokat ett rum här.’
Alisha:Oh, I remember that, that means “I have booked a room here” in English, right?
Satsuki:That’s right. In order to understand these kinds of sentences we need to look at the two verbs that are used here.
Alisha:Okay, one of them must be the word “booked”. What is that in Swedish?
Satsuki:“Booked” in Swedish is ‘bokat’.
Alisha:So the other verb must be the word “have” right?
Satsuki:Yes and “have” in Swedish is ‘har’ and it is an auxiliary verb. Now let’s look at the tenses of these two verbs. ‘Har’ meaning “have” is in perfect tense.
Alisha:Okay and “booked”?
Satsuki:The verb ‘bokat’ is the main verb of this sentence, since it is what the auxiliary verb ‘har’ is referring to. It therefore appears in its past participle form.
Alisha:Okay, I think I understand. So if I want to say that “I have eaten”, how would I do?
Satsuki:Well first of all, you already have the first part of the sentence since you can always use ‘har’ meaning “have” to form these kind of sentences.
Alisha:I see, so the first part of the sentence is?
Satsuki:‘Jag har’.
Alisha:And then?
Satsuki:You need to use the past participle of the verb “to eat”, which in Swedish is ‘ätit’ meaning “eaten”.
Alisha:So “I have eaten” would then become...
Satsuki:‘Jag har ätit’.
Alisha:Maybe we should let the listeners practise.
Satsuki:Ok, listeners, repeat after me!
Satsuki:Jag har ätit.
Alisha:Okay let me try another one! Now I want to say that “I have slept”. I will start by saying “I have” in Swedish right?
Satsuki:Yes that is correct! So you say ‘jag har’...
Alisha:And then I will need to put the the past particple of the verb “to sleep”.
Satsuki:Yes and “to sleep” in Swedish is ‘att sova’ and it changes to ‘sovit’.
Alisha:So “I have slept” would in Swedish be?
Satsuki:‘Jag har sovit’. Now listeners, let us repeat it one more time so you can get the hang of it! Repeat after me.
Satsuki:Jag har sovit. [pause]
Satsuki:Good work everyone! That’s it for this lesson, but please come back soon to learn more useful phrases in Swedish! Hej då.
Alisha:Don’t forget to check the lesson notes, and we’ll see you next time, bye!

38 Comments

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SwedishPod101.com
Monday at 6:30 pm
Pinned Comment
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Hi everyone,

What have you done today? Tell us in Swedish!

Team SwedishPod101.com
Monday at 6:41 pm
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Hej Lukas,

Bra jobbat! (Good job!) 😮👍


Vicky

Team SwedishPod101.com

Lukas
Tuesday at 5:04 am
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Idag jag arbetade lite och nästa jag kom till hem och sedan jag har ätit och nu jag studerar svenska.

😜

Team SwedishPod101.com
Thursday at 5:28 pm
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Hej Naveen,


Så du arbetade halva dagen och sedan åt du trevlig middag med enchiladas? (So you worked half the day and then ate a nice dinner of enchiladas?) Det låter som en bra dag! (That sounds like a good day!) 😮👍


Yes, you're right. "Det kan inte stämma" is best translated "it cannot be right". But you can also translate it to "it cannot be correct". 👍


VickyT

Team SwedishPod101.com

Naveen Menon
Monday at 4:46 am
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In the example given for the vocabulary, isn't the below wrong?


Det kan inte stämma.

"I cannot be correct."

Isn't it supposed to

"It cannot be right"?

Naveen Menon
Saturday at 9:05 pm
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Igår var en bra dag. Jag hade min arbetat i första halvet ätt dagen. Efter där, mig och min flickvän kokta smaka enchiladas !

Team SwedishPod101.com
Thursday at 5:51 pm
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Hej Oksana,

Det låter som att du har haft en riktigt fin dag! (Sounds like you've had a very good day!) 😇👍


VickyT

Team SwedishPod101.com

Oksana
Wednesday at 10:03 pm
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Idag har jag arbetat på mitt jobb.

Jag harockså läst Engelska och Svenska.

Jag har ätit lunch och chattat med min pojkvän.

Team SwedishPod101.com
Tuesday at 12:06 am
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Hej Alvaro,

Good question! ?

You use "Jag har" when writing a statement and "har jag" when writing a question.

For example: Jag har spelat tennis förut. (I've played tennis before.) Har jag spelat tennis förut? (Have I played tennis before?)


VickyT

Team SwedishPod101.com

Alvaro
Tuesday at 11:00 am
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Hej! Idag jag har spelat mycket tennis.


Is it the same to say "jag har" or "har jag?"

Swedishpod101.comVerified
Wednesday at 11:16 pm
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Hej Adolf,

Intressant dikt. (Interesting poem.) :thumbsup:


VickyT

Team Swedishpod101.com