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Lesson Transcript

Hej, jag heter Elin. Hi everybody! I’m Elin.
Welcome to SwedishPod101.com’s “Svenska på tre minuter”. The fastest, easiest, and most fun way to learn Swedish.
In the last lessons, we have learned some of the main ways of using the verb att vara “to be,”. In this lesson we are going to take a look at a new verb; att ha, “to have.”
You can probably guess that att ha can be used to talk about things you own. That will be the topic of today’s lesson.
Har du en bil? “Do you have a car?”
[slowly] Har du en bil?
Let’s take a closer look at this question.
har, means “have”. You can see that att ha has been conjugated to har.
du, as you know from our previous lessons means “you” and en bil, means “a car”
So if you *do* have a car, how can you answer this question?
Just switch the placement of the verb to after the pronoun– it’s really simple! You did it during the last lesson to talk about your age, remember?
“How old are you?” is Hur gammal är du?
And we answered with jag är arton år gammal...
So in this case, we go from Har du en bil? to
jag har en bil. meaning “I have a car.”
[slowly] jag har en bil.
So say for example, that a classmate wants to borrow a pen from you. He might ask, Har du en penna? Which is “Do you have a pen?”
If you only have a red pen, you can answer jag har en röd penna. “I have a red pen.”
Okay, so now let’s look at another way of using the verb att ha. Say that you want to have something. You can use att ha with the verb vill “to want.” To form the sentence “I want”
So let’s look at it. Say you want an orange. The sentence would sound like this:
jag vill ha en apelsin. “I want an orange”
[slowly] jag vill ha en apelsin.
You can see that vill “to want” is placed after the pronoun and before att ha “to have”. Not surprisingly this would translate directly to English as “I want to have an orange”.
jag vill ha en apelsin.
Now it’s time for Elin’s insights.
So if you are wondering how to make the “I want to have” into the question “do you want”. The answer is, it couldn’t be simpler! You just switch the place of the pronoun and the verb like har du above.
Vill du ha en apelsin? “Do you want an orange?”
[slowly]Vill du ha en apelsin?
In recent lessons, we have learned about the verbs att vara, to be, and att ha, to have.
Next time we’ll learn how to use these two verbs in their negative forms in order to say “I’m not” and “I don’t have”.
Did you know that to turn a verb into the negative form in Swedish, you just have to add one little word?
I'll be waiting for you with the answer in the next Svenska på 3 minuter.
På återseende!