Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Engla: Hej allihopa! I’m Engla.
Gabriella: Hi everyone, I’m Gabriella. Welcome back to SwedishPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 17 - Keeping Fit in Sweden. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about how often or seldom you do something.
Engla: Yes, and the conversation takes place at Hans’s work.
Gabriella: It’s between Hans and his co-worker Mark, and they're using informal Swedish because they’re co-workers.
Engla: Okay. Let's listen to the conversation.
DIALOGUE
Mark: Hans har du gått ner i vikt?
Hans: Ja, jag har börjat träna.
Mark: Jaså! Hur ofta?
Hans: Jag tränar tre gånger i veckan.
Mark: Oj! Det var inte illa. Jag tränar typ två gånger om året.
Hans: Vill du följa med någon gång?
Mark: Ja kanske det.
-With English Translation-
Mark: Hans har du gått ner i vikt?
Gabriella: Hans, have you lost weight?
Hans: Ja, jag har börjat träna.
Gabriella: Yes, I've started to work out.
Mark: Jaså! Hur ofta?
Gabriella: Really! How often?
Hans: Jag tränar tre gånger i veckan.
Gabriella: I work out three times a week.
Mark: Oj! Det var inte illa. Jag tränar typ två gånger om året.
Gabriella: Wow! That's not bad. I work out about two times a year.
Hans: Vill du följa med någon gång?
Gabriella: Do you want to join me sometime?
Mark: Ja kanske det.
Gabriella: Yes, perhaps.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Gabriella: Well, well well! It sounds like Hans is really getting into shape.
Engla: It sure does!
Gabriella: Are Swedes very healthy?
Engla: I guess that depends on what you mean by healthy, but if you mean that they exercise a lot, I think we're pretty active.
Gabriella: Really?
Engla: Well, at least if you look at the result from a national survey that was done in recently.
Gabriella: And what did that show?
Engla: Three-quarters of those who answered the survey exercise at least once a week.
Gabriella: That’s pretty good.
Engla: Yes, and about 50 percent exercise more than twice a week.
Gabriella: And what kind of exercise do they usually do?
Engla: Common activities include biking, running, walking, working out in groups, and working out at the gym.
Gabriella: And is there any group that's more active than others?
Engla: Yes, children and youth are the most active groups.
VOCAB LIST
Gabriella: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. The first word we shall see is…
Engla: att gå upp [natural native speed]
Gabriella: to gain
Engla: att gå upp [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: att gå upp [natural native speed]
Engla: vikt [natural native speed]
Gabriella: weight
Engla: vikt [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: vikt [natural native speed]
Engla: att träna [natural native speed]
Gabriella: to work out
Engla: att träna [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: att träna [natural native speed]
Engla: ofta [natural native speed]
Gabriella: often
Engla: ofta [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: ofta [natural native speed]
Engla: gånger om/gånger i [natural native speed]
Gabriella: times per
Engla: gånger om/gånger i [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: gånger om/gånger i [natural native speed]
Engla: vecka [natural native speed]
Gabriella: week
Engla: vecka [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: vecka [natural native speed]
Engla: år [natural native speed]
Gabriella: year
Engla: år [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: år [natural native speed]
Engla: att följa med [natural native speed]
Gabriella: to join
Engla: att följa med [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: att följa med [natural native speed]
Engla: någongång [natural native speed]
Gabriella: sometime
Engla: någongång [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: någongång [natural native speed]
Engla: kanske [natural native speed]
Gabriella: maybe
Engla: kanske [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: kanske [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Engla: Let’s take a closer look at some of the words and phrases from this lesson. The first word we’ll look at is the verb att gå.
Gabriella: Meaning “to walk” right?
Engla: Yes, that’s correct.
Gabriella: But can't you use this verb to talk about gaining and losing weight as well?
Engla: Yes, exactly! If we use att gå together with either upp, meaning “up,” or ner, meaning “down,” we can say things like “to gain” and “to lose” in terms of weight.
Gabriella: Okay, so how do we say, “to gain weight”?
Engla: Att gå upp i vikt.
Gabriella: And how do we say, “to lose weight”.
Engla: att gå ner i vikt.
Gabriella: Great! Now, let’s move on to the next word.
Engla: Next up, we have the word att följa, meaning “to follow”.
Gabriella: I guess this is a word we can use when talking about being updated in terms of certain information.
Engla: Yes, as well as when we're talking about carrying out an activity in regards to specific rules or instructions.
Gabriella: But in this lesson's dialog, this verb is used together with a preposition. And it’s translated as “to join” rather than “to follow”.
Engla: That’s correct. When we use it with the word med, as in att följa med, it corresponds to the English “to join” instead.
Gabriella: And I guess we use it when talking about joining someone when they're going somewhere?
Engla: Exactly!
Gabriella: Okay, let’s move on to the final word.
Engla: The final word we’ll spend some extra time on is the word någon gång.
Gabriella: I know that word means “sometimes,” but I always get confused when I hear it, because it seems like Swedes pronounce it differently from how it's spelled?
Engla: Yes, Swedes usually say nån instead of någon, so någon gång becomes nån gång.
Gabriella: I see. So, I guess this is also the case for other words?
Engla: Yes, other words that include något such as någonting, meaning "something," and någonstans, meaning "somewhere," are pronounced as nånting and nånstans.
Gabriella: Okay, now let’s move on to the grammar.

Lesson focus

Gabriella: In this lesson, you’ll learn to talk about how often or seldom you do something.
Engla: We’ll start by dividing the sentences into two, then we'll study the two parts separately to make it easier.
Gabriella: So which is the first part of the sentence?
Engla: The first part of the sentence consists of the subject of the sentence, which can either be a personal pronoun or a noun. The subject of the sentence is then followed by a verb in its present tense.
Gabriella: So, for example, “I shop”?
Engla: Yes. “I shop” in Swedish is Jag handlar.
Gabriella: And how would you say “Anna is doing the laundry”?
Engla: You use the name “Anna” together with tvättar meaning “does the laundry” which becomes, Anna tvättar.
Gabriella: Let’s look at the second part of the sentence.
Engla: Which consists of the number of times you do something within a specific period.
Gabriella: You mean when we say things like “once a week” or “five times a day”?
Engla: Exactly, and in Swedish those would be en gång i veckan and fem gånger om dagen.
Gabriella: I see. So first we say the number of times we actually do an activity, such as “once” or “five times”.
Engla: Correct. And in Swedish, we always use a number and then the word for “time,” which is gång in its singular and gånger in its plural.
Gabriella: What comes after this then?
Engla: After this, we need to specify the period of time during which we do the activity, as “a day”, “a week”, “a month” or “a year”.
Gabriella: But Swedish is a bit more irregular than English in regards to how we say this.
Engla: You see, when talking about a period consisting of a day or a year, we use the preposition om, meaning "within" and say, om dagen for "a day" or om året for "a year".
Gabriella: And when we instead talk about a period of a week or a month?
Engla: Then we need to use the preposition i, meaning "in" and say i veckan and i månaden.
Gabriella: I see. So how would I say, “once a week”?
Engla: en gång i veckan.
Gabriella: Great! How do you say, “Five times a day”?
Engla: Fem gånger om dagen.
Gabriella: Great! Now, let’s put the two parts of the sentence together to create a whole sentence. How do you, for example, say “I shop once a week”?
Engla: Jag handlar en gång i veckan.
Gabriella: And finally we have “Anna does the laundry five times a day”.
Engla: Anna tvättar fem gånger om dagen.

Outro

Gabriella: Great! I think that's all for now. Thanks for listening, and we’ll see you next time. Bye everyone!
Engla: Hej då!

19 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

SwedishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
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Hello Listeners! How often do you workout? Try answering in Swedish!

SwedishPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 04:00 AM
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Hej Gary,

Wow, vad disciplinerad du är! Du tränar ju jättemycket. 😁 Och vad bra du skriver! Bra jobbat.

(Wow, you're so disciplined! You work out a lot. 😁 And how well you're writing! Well done.)


Vicky

Team SwedishPod101.com

Gary Poole
Thursday at 06:01 AM
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Hej


Just nu, försöker jag träna minst fem gånger i veckan. Jag springer tre gånger och jag simmar två gånger. Jag säger "just nu" för som jag blir äldre, blir det svårare och svårare att träna för många gånger i veckan 😮


Jag är inte så bra att simma med jag hoppas bli bättre 😄 Tyvärr var alla av swimmingpooler här i England tvungen att stänga på grund av Covid-19 så jag kunde inte längre träna. Men nu är de öppna igen och jag kan försöka simma 1Km utan att stanna, vilket är mitt mål !

Hälsingar


Gary

SwedishPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 12:05 AM
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Hej Mai,

Good question! 👍 It is possible to change the structure somewhat. For example: "Jag tränar tre gånger i veckan" could also be written "Tre gånger i veckan tränar jag". However, the second sentence sounds more like a response to the question "How may times a week do you work out?" Note that the verb and subject must switch places in the second sentence.


As for "aldrig, ofta, någon gång, alltid", you can say: "Jag tränar ofta i veckan" and "Jag tränar någon gång i veckan". It might however sound more natural to just say "Jag tränar alltid" and "Jag tränar aldrig" instead of "Jag tränar alltid i veckan" and "Jag tränar aldrig i veckan". Hope that answers your questions! 😁


Vicky

Team SwedishPod101.com

Mai Nguyen
Sunday at 08:16 PM
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Hej,

Jag studerar svenska en gång om dagen, sex gånger in veckan och jag tycker om det för mycket

Jag tränar också tre gånger i veckan och jag promenerar varje dag 😄


I have a question. Is the position of the structure where you describe the frequency of how often or seldom you do a certain activity fixed? For example, can I change it to tre gånger i veckan jag tränar? Would it still make sense or it would sound weird?


Also, for words such as aldrig, ofta, någongång, alltid, can we also use the same structure in this lesson to talk about frequency?

SwedishPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 03:58 PM
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Hello Rufina,


Thank you for your comment.

You can access the Review audio by clicking on the play button next to the 'Vocabulary' title (Under the Dialogue section).


Thank you for studying with us!

Sincerely,

Lena

Team SwedishPod101.com

Rufina
Sunday at 07:49 AM
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Hi SwedishPod101


I've just re-started lessons after a break of several months. The new screen layouts look great, however, I can't seem to access the Review tracks online. I can through the Innovative app but NOT online.


Please help!

Swedishpod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 12:07 AM
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Hej Adolf,

Ja, det är en form av träning det med. (Yes, that's a type of training too.) :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye:


VickyT

Team Swedishpod101.com

Adolf
Saturday at 03:17 AM
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Aldrig~:laughing:


men jag alltid träna min hjärna:stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye:

( but, I always workout my brain )

SwedishPod101.com Verified
Sunday at 01:32 PM
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Hej Manu!


Jättebra svenska!

Lycka till med att fortsätta att springa :innocent: Det är bra för hälsan!


Jag rättar dig lite! (I'll correct you a bit)


You wrote: "men jag går mellan 30 minuter till en timme varje dag för mitt jobb".

It's better to say "till mitt jobb".


You wrote: "ibland jag hoppar över en vecka! "

Please say "en vecka" here!


Jag hoppas du har en bra dag!

Engla

Team SwedishPod101.com

Manu
Saturday at 07:33 AM
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Hej,

Jag tränar inte på gym, men jag går mellan 30 minuter till en timme varje dag för mitt jobb. (jag har inte en bil)

På sistone har jag börjat springa en gång i veckan men ibland jag hoppar över en vecka! :sweat_smile:


Ha en bra helg!


Manu