Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Engla: Hej allihopa! I’m Engla.
Gabriella: Hi everyone, I’m Gabriella. Welcome back to SwedishPod101.com. This is Lower Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 4 - The Case of the Missing Swedish Keys. In this lesson, you’ll learn how to talk about the location of an object.
Engla: Yes, and the conversation takes place at the Olsson family house.
Gabriella: It’s between Hans and his wife Kerstin, and they're using informal Swedish because they're married. Okay.
DIALOGUE
Kerstin: Har du sett mina nycklar?
Hans: Är dom inte i din väska?
Kerstin: Nej, dom är inte i min väska.
Hans: Är dom inte på ditt skrivbord?
Kerstin: Nej, dom är inte på mitt skrivbord.
Hans: Dom kanske har ramlat ner. Dom kanske är under ditt skrivbord.
Kerstin: Okej. Jag ska kolla.
-With English Translation-
Kerstin: Har du sett mina nycklar?
Gabriella: Have you seen my keys?
Hans: Är dom inte i din väska?
Gabriella: Aren't they in your bag?
Kerstin: Nej, dom är inte i min väska.
Gabriella: No, they aren't in my bag.
Hans: Är dom inte på ditt skrivbord?
Gabriella: Aren't they on your desk?
Kerstin: Nej, dom är inte på mitt skrivbord.
Gabriella: No, they aren't on my desk.
Hans: Dom kanske har ramlat ner. Dom kanske är under ditt skrivbord.
Gabriella: Perhaps they fell down. Maybe they're under your desk.
Kerstin: Okej. Jag ska kolla.
Gabriella: Okay. I'll have a look.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Gabriella: It sounds like Hans is having trouble finding his keys. Engla, can you tell us what you'd have to do if you actually lost something while visiting Sweden?
Engla: That's a good question! I would recommend that you contact the police to report that something was lost or stolen. This way, the police would know that the object belongs to you if someone hands it in.
Gabriella: Great! Anything else?
Engla: Well, if you think you lost or forgot your belongings at a cafe or a store, I would always try to give them a call or visit them to ask. And if you suspect that you lost your belongings while traveling on public transportation, I would contact their customer service to see if they could help you directly, or see if they have a lost and found.
Gabriella: And what should I do if I find something that someone else has lost?
Engla: Then you should contact the owner, if you know who that is, or you should hand it in to the police within fourteen days of when you found it.
Gabriella: Okay, but why within fourteen days?
Engla: Because if you don’t notify the owner or the police within that time it’s considered a felony.
Gabriella: Oh, well that might be good to know!
VOCAB LIST
Gabriella: Let's take a look at the vocabulary for this lesson. The first word we shall see is…
Engla: att se [natural native speed]
Gabriella: to see
Engla: att se [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: att se [natural native speed]
Engla: att vara [natural native speed]
Gabriella: to be
Engla: att vara [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: att vara [natural native speed]
Engla: nyckel [natural native speed]
Gabriella: key
Engla: nyckel [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: nyckel [natural native speed]
Engla: väska [natural native speed]
Gabriella: bag
Engla: väska [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: väska [natural native speed]
Engla: skrivbord [natural native speed]
Gabriella: desk
Engla: skrivbord [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: skrivbord [natural native speed]
Engla: mina [natural native speed]
Gabriella: my
Engla: mina [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: mina [natural native speed]
Engla: att ramla [natural native speed]
Gabriella: to fall
Engla: att ramla [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: att ramla [natural native speed]
Engla: ner [natural native speed]
Gabriella: down
Engla: ner [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: ner [natural native speed]
Engla: okej [natural native speed]
Gabriella: okay
Engla: okej [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: okej [natural native speed]
Engla: din [natural native speed]
Gabriella: your
Engla: din [slowly - broken down by syllable]
Engla: din [natural native speed]
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Gabriella: Let’s take a closer look at the usage of some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Engla: The first word is ner.
Gabriella: Which means “down”. But there's another word that also means “down” that sounds similar to this one, right?
Engla: Yes, I think you mean ned.
Gabriella: Yes that’s the one. What's the difference between these two?
Engla: There isn’t a huge difference. Ned is a bit more formal than ner, so you'll probably hear ner more when people are talking, and ned in more formal writing.
Gabriella: I see. What’s next?
Engla: Next is the verb att vara, which is translated as “to be” in this lesson’s dialog.
Gabriella: I've heard that it can also mean other things in Swedish?
Engla: Yes, that's true. It can also correspond to the verb “to last.”
Gabriella: I see. Do you have an example of a sentence that uses that verb?
Engla: Of course! You could say, for example, Hur länge ska det här hemska vädret vara?, meaning "How long will this dreadful weather last?”
Gabriella: It can also have the meaning “to generate pus.”
Engla: Yes, you could say, for example, Såret varade, meaning "The wound generated pus."
Gabriella: Okay, glad we sorted that out. What do we have next?
Engla: The next word we’ll talk about is the verb att ramla meaning “to fall.”
Gabriella: This verb can also be used to mean “to stumble,” right?
Engla: That’s right, but in Swedish we also have a specific word for “to stumble.”
Gabriella: Which is?
Engla: Att snubbla
Gabriella: So how will I know when att ramla actually means “to fall” or “to stumble”?
Engla: Well, first of all, the context that it's said in will give you a hint. And since att ramla is used more often when talking about a person that tripped over and laid on the ground for a while, it usually means “to fall.”
Gabriella: Great! Okay, now onto the grammar.

Lesson focus

Gabriella: In this lesson, you’ll learn about how to talk about the location of an object.
Engla: That’s right, and we’ll do that by using some simple Swedish prepositions.
Gabriella: Prepositions like “in,” "on," and “under,” since these were the ones used in this lesson’s dialog.
Engla: That’s right. And “in,” “on,” and “under” in Swedish are i, på, and under respectively.
Gabriella: I remember that Hans used the Swedish preposition for “in” when he said, “No, they aren't in my bag.” What’s that in Swedish?
Engla: Nej, de är inte i min väska.
Gabriella: Let’s get our listeners to practice that one! Listeners, repeat after Engla.
Engla: Nej, de är inte i min väska.
Gabriella: I also remember that the preposition for “on” was used when Hans said, “No, they're not on my desk.”
Engla: Correct! That was, Nej, de är inte på mitt skrivbord. Listeners, repeat after me please! Nej, de är inte på mitt skrivbord.
Gabriella: Good job everyone!
Engla: Do you remember any sentences from the dialog when the preposition “under” was used?
Gabriella: Yes, when Kerstin said, "Maybe they're under your desk."?
Engla: Which was Dom är kanske under ditt skrivbord.
Gabriella: Listeners, repeat after Engla.
Engla: Dom är kanske under ditt skrivbord.
Gabriella: Great! Now that we've gotten familiar with these prepositions, should we move on and look at how we can use these in sentences to talk about the location of an object?
Engla: I think that sounds like a excellent idea!
Gabriella: Where do we begin?
Engla: Let's use a sentence structure such as Nyckeln är på bordet meaning “The key is on the table.”
Gabriella: Okay, maybe we should break this down a bit to make it easier to understand.
Engla: Sure, the sentence Nyckeln är på bordet starts off with the object that we're taking about, namely nykeln, or "the key".
Gabriella: And after that we have a verb, right?
Engla: Yes, after that we have the present tense of the verb “to be”, which is“är. This is followed by the preposition på, and then we have the actual location of the key, which in this case is bordet, meaning "the table."
Gabriella: Great. That made it a bit easier to understand. How would you then say “The key is on the living room table.”
Engla: You'd use the same sentence structure, but just change the word bordet to vardagsrumsbordet for "living room table."
Gabriella: Once more, altogether please.
Engla: Nyckeln är på vardagsrumsbordet.
Gabriella: Listeners, repeat after Engla.
Engla: Nyckeln är på vardagsrumsbordet.
Gabriella: Now, can we use the same sentence structure together with the prepositions for “in” and “under” too?
Engla: Absolutely!
Gabriella: How would I say “The key is in the bag” then?
Engla: Well, the Swedish word for “the bag” is väskan. So you would say, Nyckeln är i väskan. Listeners, please repeat after me! Nyckeln är i väskan.
Gabriella: Okay, let’s try one more using the preposition “in” and the object “the key,” but this time I want to say “the key is in the key cabinet.”
Engla: “The key cabinet” is nyckelskåpet, so you would say, Nyckeln är i nyckelskåpet.
Gabriella: Listeners, repeat after Engla.
Engla: Nyckeln är i nyckelskåpet.
Gabriella: How about practicing the preposition “under.” How would you say, “The key is under the table”?
Engla: Nyckeln är under bordet. Listeners, please repeat after me! Nyckeln är under bordet.
Gabriella: Okay, the final one, “The key is under the TV-stand”?
Engla: Nyckeln är under TV-bänken.
Gabriella: Listeners, please repeat after Engla.
Engla: Nyckeln är under TV-bänken.
MARKETING PIECE
Gabriella: Attention perfectionists! You’re about to learn how to perfect your pronunciation.
Engla: Lesson Review Audio Tracks.
Gabriella: Increase fluency and vocabulary fast with these short, effective audio tracks.
Engla: Super simple to use. Listen to the Swedish word or phrase...
Gabriella: then repeat it out loud in a loud clear voice.
Engla: You’ll speak with confidence knowing that you’re speaking Swedish like the locals.
Gabriella: Go to SwedishPod101.com, and download the Review Audio Tracks right on the lessons page today!

Outro

Gabriella: Great! I think that's all for now.
Engla: Yes, I think so. Great work everyone.
Gabriella: As always, remember to check the lesson notes and leave us a comment. Thanks for listening, everyone, and we’ll see you next time.
Gabriella: Bye!
Engla: Hej då!

17 Comments

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😄 😞 😳 😁 😒 😎 😠 😆 😅 😜 😉 😭 😇 😴 😮 😈 ❤️️ 👍

SwedishPod101.com Verified
Monday at 06:30 PM
Pinned Comment
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What do you ask when you are looking for something in Swedish?

SwedishPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 12:23 AM
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Hej Ružica,

Ah yes, very good question! The answer is, yes, Swedes double up on the definitiveness. As you know, a noun is in its definite form when we for example add "en" or "et" at the end. For example:

Jag tycker om hunden. (I like the dog.)

Äpplet är stort. (The apple is big.)


When referring to something specifically, however, we might also add "den/det", "den här/det här". In these cases, Swedish still keeps the noun in its definite form, creating a "double-definite" if you wish. Check out these examples:

Den röda katten (The red cat)

Det vackra huset (The beautiful house)

Den här boken (This book)

Det här vädret (This weather)


So, your confusion is understandable, but it is simply a Swedish quirk to get used to. 😁 Let us know if you have more questions.


Vicky

Team SwedishPod101.com

Ružica
Sunday at 12:38 AM
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Hej, allihopa! Jag har en fråga: Do the words "det här" in the sentence "Hur länge ska det här hemska vädret vara?" define the word vädret? If so, why is the word "vädret" used in its definite form in this sentence, rather than in its indefinite form?

Tack på förhand för din svar!

SwedishPod101.com Verified
Saturday at 12:32 PM
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Hej Moe,


You can find the Review audio tracks by clicking on the Download audios button below the title.


Kind regards,

Levente

Team SwedishPod101.com

Moe
Friday at 05:25 AM
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where can i find the "Review Audio Tracks " that they were talking about at the end?

SwedishPod101.com Verified
Thursday at 01:04 AM
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Hej Hussain,

Duktigt! Tack för att du delar med dig. 😄

(Well done! Thanks for sharing.)


Vicky

Team SwedishPod101.com

Hussain
Saturday at 05:52 AM
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Såret varade!! Det är ett nödvändigt uttryck för mig, jag läser medicin, och jag har just nu lärt mig en annan betydelse för vara.


Jag har lärt mig också ett annat ord, att snubbla som betyder att ramla, men det är mer vanligt för när man ramlar ner på golvet. Så att ramla för saker och mindre vanligt människor, och att snubbla för bara människor.


Tack så mycket ❤️️

Swedishpod101.com Verified
Tuesday at 12:08 AM
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Hej Adolf,

Inga problem! (No problems!) :thumbsup:


VickyT

Team Swedishpod101.com

Adolf
Saturday at 03:48 AM
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Hej Vicky:


Du alltid hjälpt mig, tack så mycket :wink:

Swedishpod101.com Verified
Saturday at 12:04 AM
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Hej Adolf,

"Jag är inte det" means "I'm not."

If you want to say "I'm not there" it is "Jag är inte där."

And if you want to say I don't have it you need to use the Swedish verb "att ha" "I don't have it." = "Jag har den inte" or "Jag har det inte."


I hope this helped. :innocent:

VickyT

Team Swedishpod101.com

Adolf
Thursday at 06:14 AM
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Hejsan Vicky:


Det betyder, när jag fokuserar "någonstans" : Jag är inte det.( I'm not there. ):open_mouth:


när jag fokuserar "något" : Jag är det(eller den) inte.( I don’t have it. ):wink: