Dialogue

Vocabulary

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Lesson Transcript

INTRODUCTION
Elin: Hej allihopa! I’m Elin.
Becky: Hi everyone, I’m Becky. Welcome back to SwedishPod101.com. This is Upper Beginner, Season 1, Lesson 15 - What Do you Like To Do on Your Swedish Vacations? In this lesson, you’ll learn conjugation rules for irregular verbs.
Elin: The conversation takes place in Emma and David’s hotel room on Majorca.
Becky: It’s between Emma and her partner David. They’re using informal Swedish, since they’re a couple.
Elin: Great! Let's listen to the conversation.
POST CONVERSATION BANTER
Becky: I must say that I envy Emma and her family, I would really like some vacation right now!
Elin: It does sound nice!
Becky: How much vacation do Swedes generally get?
Elin: Well, by law, Swedes are entitled to at least 25 day of annual leave, which is quite a lot compared to some other countries.
Becky: That sounds great! But do you have to be a full-time employee to get that much vacation?
Elin: No, it does not matter whether you have full-time, part-time, or project based employment, you are still entitled to 25 days per year.
Becky: And how about payment? Do you get a salary during those 25 days?
Elin: Yes. All employers have to pay 12 percent of the employee’s annual income, in annual leave salary.
Becky: Okay, so that means that if you have a higher income, then you also will get more annual leave salary.
Elin: That’s right!
Becky: Well that’s great to hear. Now let’s now move on to the vocabulary.
KEY VOCAB AND PHRASES
Becky: Let's have a closer look at the usage for some of the words and phrases from this lesson.
Elin: First up is the expression “att komma strax”.
Becky: That means, “to be right there” right?
Elin: Well, “att komma strax” literally translates to “to come shortly”, but more naturally is “to be right there”.
Becky: How about when we want to say, “to be right back”?
Elin: Then we also need to use the adverb “tillbaka” meaning, “back”.
Becky: I see, so how would you say, “Wait here! I'll be right back”?
Elin: That’s, “Vänta här! Jag kommer tillbaka strax”. We also need to spend some time on the verb “att tro”.
Becky: Which corresponds to the English “to think”. But only when you want to communicate that you believe something, but this is something that we’ll cover more in an upcoming lesson.
Elin: For now, we will just talk about when the verb “att tro”, is used together with the preposition “på”, meaning “on”.
Becky: When would you use that combination?
Elin: “Att tro” is commonly used together with “på”, when we want to communicate that you have a certain belief, such as a religious belief, and it then means “to believe in”.
Becky: I see, so how would you say,”Maria believes in God”?
Elin: That’s, “Maria tror på Gud”.
Becky: What about, “Kalle believes in the tooth fairy”?
Elin: That would be, “Kalle tror på tandfen”.
Becky: Ok, now let’s move on to the grammar!
GRAMMAR POINT
Becky: In this lesson, you’ll learn the conjugation rules for irregular verbs.
Elin: That’s right! We will focus on irregular verbs with a verb stem containing a long “i”, followed by a consonant.
Becky: An example of a verb that belongs to this group is “to write”.
Elin: Correct! The verb “att skriva” belongs to this group. We will also look at how to conjugate irregular verbs such as “att bära” meaning “to carry”. Verbs such as these contain the letter “ä” - that’s the letter “a” with an umlaut.
Becky: Great! Let’s start with the irregular verbs that have a stem with a long “i” followed by one consonant.
Elin: Sure! And as we have already mentioned, the verb “att skriva” meaning “to write”, belongs to this group, and so do the verbs verbs “att skrika” meaning “to scream” and “att bita” meaning “to bite”.
Becky: To change the verbs belonging to this group, you just need to know the imperative of the verb.
Elin: That’s right, and to form the infinitive, we only have to add an -a to the imperative. So “skriv” (write) becomes “att skriva” (to write). Listeners, repeat after me!
Elin: “Skriv” [pause], “att skriva”[pause].
Becky: To form the present, you simply need to add the ending “-er” to the imperative.
Elin: That’s right! So, “skriv” (write) changes to “skriver” (writes). Listeners repeat after me!
Elin: “Skriv” [pause], “skriver”[pause].
Becky: Now, for forming the preterite, we need to change the stem vowel “i” to an “e”.
Elin: “Skriv” (write) becomes, “skrev”(wrote). Listeners, repeat after me!
Elin: “Skriv” [pause], “skrev”[pause].
Becky: Finally, for the supine, you only add the ending “-it”.
Elin: So “skriv”(write) changes to “skrivit” (written). Listeners, repeat after me!
Elin: “Skriv”[pause], “skrivit”[pause].
Becky: Let’s move on to the irregular verbs with a verb stem that contains the vowel “ä”. By the way listeners, we mean "a" with an umlaut again.
Elin: Here we have verbs such as “att bära”, meaning “to carry”, and “att skära” meaning “to cut”.
Becky: As before, we only need to know the imperative of these verbs to change it into the other forms. Let’s start with the infinitive, where as usual we only have to add the ending “-a”.
Elin: That’s right. The imperative, which is “bär” meaning “carry”, becomes “att bära” meaning “to carry”. Listeners, repeat after me!
Elin: “Bär” [pause], “att bära” [pause].
Becky: The present tense doesn’t take an ending or change the stem vowel. In fact, the present is identical to the imperative.
Elin: That’s right. “bär”(carry) becomes “bär”(carries). Listeners repeat after me!
Elin: “Bär” [pause], “bär” [pause].
Becky: As for the preterite, we need to change the stem vowel “ä” to just “a”, that’s changing it to "a" without an umlaut.
Elin: That means that “bär” (carry) changes to “bar” (carried). Listeners, repeat after me.
Elin: “Bär” [pause], “bar” [pause].
Becky: Finally, for the supine, first we need to change the stem vowel from “ä” with an umlaut to “u” plus add the ending -it.
Elin: So “Bär”(carry) changes to “burit” (carried). Listeners, repeat after me!
Elin: “Bär” [pause], “burit” [pause].
Becky: Ok, remember to check the lesson notes to reinforce what you’ve learned in this lesson.

Outro

Becky: Okay that’s it for this lesson. Thanks for listening everyone, and we’ll see you next time.
Elin: Hej då!

5 Comments

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SwedishPod101.comVerified
Monday at 6:30 pm
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Hi Listeners!

Where would you like to go in Sweden?

SwedishPod101.comVerified
Tuesday at 5:16 pm
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Hej Michelle!


That's so lovely to hear! And you did a great job on the Swedish! Well done! :thumbsup:


I just want to correct a few mistakes!


You wrote

"Jag har bara var i Skåne nära Malmö, men är så vacker av vattnet. Jag skulle evils a åka till Stockholm, kanske nästa gång"

A correct version would be:

"Jag har bara varit i Skåne nära Malmö, men det är så vackert vid vattnet. Jag skulle vilja åka till Stockholm, kanske nästa gång."


As you can see, there weren't many mistakes!


Lycka till!

Engla

Team SwedishPod101.com

Michelle
Wednesday at 5:45 am
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Hej!


Jag har bara var i Skåne nära Malmö, men är så vacker av vattnet. Jag skulle evils a åka till Stockholm, kanske nästa gång:)


I have only been in Skåne, but it's so beautiful by the water. I want to go to Stockholm, perhaps next time.


Hälsningar


Michelle

SwedishPod101.comVerified
Monday at 4:17 pm
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Hej Gary!


Thank you for your beautiful Swedish!!


"Min fru och jag besökte Stockholm förra året och trodde det var absolut vacker. "

In English, I would translate your sentence to "My wife and I visited Stockholm last year and thought it was absolutely beautiful", am I right?

When we express our own oppinion and say "I think" as in "I think it's pretty" or "I think you're a nice person", we need to use "tycker" ! Also, we don't really say "absolut vacker". I would change it to "jättevackert" ! :smile:

That would make the sentence

"Min fru och jag besökte Stockholm förra året och tyckte det var jättevackert"


"Så vi har beslutat att försöka besöka Göteborg detta år och hoppas det är lika vacker och intressant

som Stockholm."

Perfect sentence! I would just change "vacker" to "vackert" since you used "det" before.


"Fastän det skulle bli trevligt om Göteborg var inte så dyrt som Stockholm !"

I would just change the word order of "var inte så dyrt" to "inte var så dyrt".


Jag är glad att både du och din fru gillade Stockholm! Jag har själv aldrig varit i Göteborg, men jag hoppas ni får en trevlig resa! Jag hoppas också att Göteborg inte är lika dyrt om Stockholm :sweat_smile:

(I am happy that both you and your wife liked Stockholm! I have myself never been to Göteborg, but I hope you will have a nice trip! I also hope that Göteborg isn't as expensive as Stockholm)


Tack!


Engla

Team SwedishPod101.com

Gary
Thursday at 4:36 am
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Hej !


Min fru och jag besökte Stockholm förra året och trodde det var absolut vacker. Så vi har

beslutat att försöka besöka Göteborg detta år och hoppas det är lika vacker och intressant

som Stockholm.


Fastän det skulle bli trevligt om Göteborg var inte så dyrt som Stockholm !


Hälsningar


Gary